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Microscopic magnetic properties of the ferromagnetic superconductor UCoGe reviewed by x-ray magnetic circular dichroism

Mathieu Taupin 1 Jean-Pierre Sanchez 2 Jean-Pascal Brison 1 Dai Aoki 1, 3 Gerard Lapertot 1 Fabrice Wilhelm 4 Andrei Rogalev 4 
1 IMAPEC - Instrumentation, Material and Correlated Electrons Physics
PHELIQS - PHotonique, ELectronique et Ingénierie QuantiqueS : DRF/IRIG/PHELIQS
2 MDN - Magnétisme et Diffusion Neutronique
MEM - Modélisation et Exploration des Matériaux : DRF/IRIG/MEM
Abstract : The ferromagnetic superconductor UCoGe has been investigated by high field x-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD) at the U $M_{4,5}$ and Co/Ge $K$ edges. The analysis of the branching ratio and XMCD at the U $M_{4,5}$ edges reveals that the U 5$f$ electrons count is close to 3. The orbital (~0.7 $\mu_{\beta}$) and spin (~$-$0.30$\mu_{\beta}$) moments of U at 2.1 K and 17 T (H$\parallel$c) have been determined. Their ratio (~$-$2.3) suggests a significant delocalization of the 5 $f$ electron states. The similar field dependences of the local U/Co and the macroscopic magnetization indicate that the Co moment is induced by the U moment. The XMCD at the Co/Ge $K$ edges reveal the presence of small Co 4$p$ and Ge 4$p$ orbital moments parallel to the macroscopic magnetization. In addition, the Co $3$d moment is estimated to be at most of the order of 0.1$\mu_{\beta}$ at 17 T. Our results rule out the possibility of an unusual polarizability of the U and Co moments as well as their antiparallel coupling. We conclude that the magnetism which mediates the superconductivity in UCoGe is driven by U.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, March 28, 2018 - 10:56:56 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, August 31, 2022 - 4:46:23 PM

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Mathieu Taupin, Jean-Pierre Sanchez, Jean-Pascal Brison, Dai Aoki, Gerard Lapertot, et al.. Microscopic magnetic properties of the ferromagnetic superconductor UCoGe reviewed by x-ray magnetic circular dichroism. Physical Review B: Condensed Matter and Materials Physics (1998-2015), 2015, 92, pp.035124. ⟨10.1103/PhysRevB.92.035124⟩. ⟨cea-01745393⟩

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