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Strong effects of weak ac driving in short superconducting junctions

Roman-Pascal Riwar 1 Manuel Houzet 1 Julia S. Meyer 1 Yuli V. Nazarov 2 
1 GT - Laboratory of Quantum Theory
PHELIQS - PHotonique, ELectronique et Ingénierie QuantiqueS : DRF/IRIG/PHELIQS
Abstract : We study a short multichannel superconducting junction subject to dc and ac phase biases. The ac modulation changes the occupation of the Andreev bound states formed at the constriction by transitions between bound states and the continuum. In a short junction, the nonequilibrium Andreev bound-state population may relax through processes that conserve parity of the occupation number on the same bound state and processes that do not conserve it. We argue that the parity-conserving processes occur on a much faster time scale. In this case, even a weak driving may lead to a large nonequilibrium quasiparticle population scaling with the number of channels and results in a large deviation of the supercurrent from its equilibrium value. We show that this effect is accompanied by a quasiparticle current which may lead to a measurable charge imbalance in the vicinity of the junction. Furthermore, we study the time evolution of the supercurrent after switching off the ac drive. On a time scale where parity relaxation is negligible, the supercurrent relaxes to a stationary nonequilibrium state. Finally, we briefly outline the regime of ultraweak driving where the ac-induced processes occur on a time scale comparable to that of parity relaxation.
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Submitted on : Thursday, March 15, 2018 - 2:57:26 PM
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Roman-Pascal Riwar, Manuel Houzet, Julia S. Meyer, Yuli V. Nazarov. Strong effects of weak ac driving in short superconducting junctions. Physical Review B: Condensed Matter and Materials Physics (1998-2015), American Physical Society, 2015, 91 (10), pp.104522. ⟨10.1103/PhysRevB.91.104522⟩. ⟨cea-01735126⟩



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