Comparative biodistribution in mice of cyanine dyes loaded in lipid nanoparticles

Abstract : Two near infrared cyanine dyes, DiD (1,1'-dioctadecyl-3,3,3',3'-tetramethylindotricarbocyanine perchlorate) and ICG (Indocyanine Green) were loaded in lipid nanoparticles (LNP). DiD-LNP and ICG-LNP presented similar physicochemical characteristics (hydrodynamic diameter, polydispersity, zeta potential), encapsulation efficiency, and colloidal stability when stored in PBS buffer. However, whereas DiD had similar biodistribution than cholesteryl-1-C-14-oleate ([C-14]CHO, a constituent of the nanoparticle used as a reference radiotracer), ICG displayed a different biodistribution pattern, similar to that of the free dye, indicative of its immediate leakage from the nanovector after blood injection. NMR spectroscopy using Proton NOE (Nuclear Overhauser Effect) measurements showed that the localization of the dye in the lipid nanoparticles was slightly different: ICG, more amphiphilic than DiD, was found both inside the lipid core and at particle interface, whereas DiD, more hydrophobic, appeared exclusively located inside the particle core. The ICG release rate from the particles was 7% per 1 month under storage conditions (4 degrees C, dark, 10% of lipids), whereas no leakage could be detected for DiD. ICG leakage increased considerably in the presence of BSA 40 g/L (45% leakage in 24 h at 100 mg/mL of lipids), because of the high affinity of the fluorophore for plasma proteins. On the contrary, no DiD leakage was observed, until high dilution of the nanoparticles which triggered their dissociation (45% leakage in 24 h at 1 mg/mL of lipids). Altogether, the subtle difference in dye localization into the nanoparticles, the partial dissociation of the LNP in diluted media, and more importantly the high ICG affinity for plasma proteins, accounted for the differences observed in the fluorescence biodistribution after tail vein injection of the dye-loaded nanoparticles. (C) 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, March 14, 2018 - 6:04:25 PM
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Juliette Merian, Raphael Boisgard, Pierre-Alain Bayle, Michel Bardet, Bertrand Tavitian, et al.. Comparative biodistribution in mice of cyanine dyes loaded in lipid nanoparticles. European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics, Elsevier, 2015, 93, pp.1-10. ⟨10.1016/j.ejpb.2015.03.019⟩. ⟨cea-01734612⟩

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