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Constraining screened fifth forces with the electron magnetic moment

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Abstract

Chameleon and symmetron theories serve as archetypal models for how light scalar fields can couple to matter with gravitational strength or greater, yet evade the stringent constraints from classical tests of gravity on Earth and in the Solar System. They do so by employing screening mechanisms that dynamically alter the scalar's properties based on the local environment. Nevertheless, these do not hide the scalar completely, as screening leads to a distinct phenomenology that can be well constrained by looking for specific signatures. In this work, we investigate how a precision measurement of the electron magnetic moment places meaningful constraints on both chameleons and symmetrons. Two effects are identified: First, virtual chameleons and symmetrons run in loops to generate quantum corrections to the intrinsic value of the magnetic moment—a common process widely considered in the literature for many beyond-the-Standard-Model scenarios. A second effect, however, is unique to scalar fields that exhibit screening. A scalar bubble-like profile forms inside the experimental vacuum chamber and exerts a fifth force on the electron, leading to a systematic shift in the experimental measurement. In quantifying this latter effect, we present a novel approach that combines analytic arguments and a small number of numerical simulations to solve for the bubble-like profile quickly for a large range of model parameters. Taken together, both effects yield interesting constraints in complementary regions of parameter space. While the constraints we obtain for the chameleon are largely uncompetitive with those in the existing literature, this still represents the tightest constraint achievable yet from an experiment not originally designed to search for fifth forces. We break more ground with the symmetron, for which our results exclude a large and previously unexplored region of parameter space. Central to this achievement are the quantum correction terms, which are able to constrain symmetrons with masses in the range $\mu$ ∈ [10$^{−3.88}$, 10$^8$ ] eV, whereas other experiments have hitherto only been sensitive to one or two orders of magnitude at a time.
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Dates and versions

cea-01718669 , version 1 (27-02-2018)

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : cea-01718669 , version 1

Cite

Philippe Brax, Anne-Christine Davis, Benjamin Elder, Leong Khim Wong. Constraining screened fifth forces with the electron magnetic moment. 2018. ⟨cea-01718669⟩
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