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Injection locking at 2f of spin torque oscillators under influence of thermal noise

Abstract : Integration of Spin Torque Nano-Oscillators STNO’s in conventional microwave circuits means that the devices have to meet certain specifcations. One of the most important criteria is the phase noise, being the key parameter to evaluate the performance and defne possible applications. Phase locking several oscillators together has been suggested as a possible means to decrease phase noise and consequently, the linewidth. In this work we present experiments, numerical simulations and an analytic model to describe the efects of thermal noise in the injection locking of a tunnel junction based STNO. The analytics show the relation of the intrinsic parameters of the STNO with the phase noise level, opening the path to tailor the spectral characteristics by the magnetic confguration. Experiments and simulations demonstrate that in the in-plane magnetized structure, while the frequency is locked, much higher reference currents are needed to reduce the noise by phase locking. Moreover, our analysis shows that it is possible to control the phase noise by the reference microwave current (I$_{RF}$) and that it can be further reduced by increasing the bias current (I$_{DC}$) of the oscillator, keeping the reference current in feasible limits for applications.
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https://hal-cea.archives-ouvertes.fr/cea-01696935
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Submitted on : Friday, September 24, 2021 - 11:18:00 AM
Last modification on : Sunday, September 26, 2021 - 3:13:02 AM

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M. Tortarolo, B. Lacoste, J. Hem, C. Dieudonné, M.-C. Cyrille, et al.. Injection locking at 2f of spin torque oscillators under influence of thermal noise. Scientific Reports, Nature Publishing Group, 2018, 8, pp.1728. ⟨10.1038/s41598-017-18969-5⟩. ⟨cea-01696935⟩

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