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Multipactor in High Power Radio-Frequency Systems for Nuclear Fusion

Abstract : Magnetic confinement fusion researches are an approach to demonstrate the feasibility of nuclear fusion power for energy production. In these experiments, mega-watt range power Radio-Frequency waves, from tens of MHz to hundreds of GHz, are injected into magnetically confined plasmas in order to increase its temperature and to extend its duration. These RF systems are subjected to the magnetic field environment of the experiments, ranging from few tenth of Tesla to Tesla, and various orientations depending of their locations. As these RF systems made of copper, silver or ceramics are located in vacuum environments, they are subject to multipactor discharges. These discharges are generally considered detrimental since they can lead to detuned RF systems, limit the RF power transmission in the plasma and eventually damage RF sources or components. In some case, especially in the MHz range of frequency, multipactor discharges can be desired for vacuum conditioning. This paper presents the various RF systems used in magnetic fusion experiments and review the work performed in the fusion research community on multipactor discharges for high power coaxial (MHz) and rectangular waveguides (GHz) transmission lines, with their practical implications on power delivery into the plasma.
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Contributor : Julien Hillairet <>
Submitted on : Monday, October 9, 2017 - 9:18:17 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, March 16, 2021 - 3:44:18 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Wednesday, January 10, 2018 - 12:20:38 PM


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  • HAL Id : cea-01612959, version 1
  • ARXIV : 1710.03629



Julien Hillairet, Marc Goniche, Nicolas Fil, Mohamed Belhaj, Jérôme Puech. Multipactor in High Power Radio-Frequency Systems for Nuclear Fusion. MULCOPIM (Multipactor, Corona and Passive Intermodulation), Apr 2017, Noordwijk, Netherlands. ⟨cea-01612959⟩



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