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Photospheric activity of the Sun with VIRGO and GOLF Comparison with standard activity proxies

Abstract : We study the variability of solar activity using new photospheric proxies originally developed for the analysis of stellar magnetism with the CoRoT and Kepler photometric observations. These proxies are obtained by tracking the temporal modulations in the observations associated to the spots and magnetic features as the Sun rotates. We analyze here 21 years, spanning solar cycles 23 and 24, of the observations collected by the space-based photometric VIRGO and radial velocity GOLF instruments on board the SoHO satellite. The photospheric activity proxy S ph is then calculated for each of the three VIRGO photometers as well as the associated S vel proxy from the radial velocity GOLF observations. Comparisons with several standard solar activity proxies sensitive to different layers of the Sun demonstrate that these new activity proxies, S ph and S vel , provide a new manner to monitor solar activity. We show that both the long-and short-term magnetic variabilities respectively associated to the 11-year cycle and the quasi-biennial oscillation are well monitored, and that the magnetic field interaction between the subsurface, the photosphere, and the chromosphere of the Sun, was modified between Cycle 24 and Cycle 23. Furthermore, the photometric proxies show a wavelength dependence of the response function of the solar photosphere among the three channels of the VIRGO photometers, providing inputs for the study of the stellar magnetism of Sun-like stars.
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Submitted on : Friday, September 15, 2017 - 2:23:24 PM
Last modification on : Friday, January 7, 2022 - 3:52:45 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Saturday, December 16, 2017 - 1:02:12 PM


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  • HAL Id : cea-01588291, version 1


David Salabert, Rafaël A García, A Jiménez, L L Bertello, E Corsaro, et al.. Photospheric activity of the Sun with VIRGO and GOLF Comparison with standard activity proxies. 2017. ⟨cea-01588291⟩



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