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Constraining the equation of state with identified particle spectra

Abstract : We show that in a central nucleus-nucleus collision, the variation of the mean transverse mass with the multiplicity is determined, up to a rescaling, by the variation of the energy over entropy ratio as a function of the entropy density, thus providing a direct link between experimental data and the equation of state. Each colliding energy thus probes the equation of state at an effective entropy density, whose approximate value is $19$ fm$^{-3}$ for Au+Au collisions at 200 GeV and $41$ fm$^{-3}$ for Pb+Pb collisions at 2.76 TeV, corresponding to temperatures of $227$ MeV and $279$ MeV if the equation of state is taken from lattice calculations. The relative change of the mean transverse mass as a function of the colliding energy gives a direct measure of the pressure over energy density ratio $P/\epsilon$, at the corresponding effective density. Using RHIC and LHC data, we obtain $P/\epsilon=0.21\pm 0.10$, in agreement with the lattice value $P/\epsilon=0.23$ in the corresponding temperature range. Measurements over a wide range of colliding energies using a single detector with good particle identification would help reducing the error.
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Preprints, Working Papers, ...
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https://hal-cea.archives-ouvertes.fr/cea-01583440
Contributor : Emmanuelle de Laborderie <>
Submitted on : Thursday, September 7, 2017 - 12:04:17 PM
Last modification on : Monday, February 10, 2020 - 6:13:40 PM

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  • HAL Id : cea-01583440, version 1
  • ARXIV : 1707.08466

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Akihiko Monnai, Jean-Yves Ollitrault. Constraining the equation of state with identified particle spectra. 2017. ⟨cea-01583440⟩

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