Experimental and Theoretical Study of the Complexation of Cesium and Thallium Cations by a Water-Soluble Cryptophane

Abstract : Cs (cesium) and Tl (thallium) are known to be very toxic for the environment and human health. Thus, the synthesis of molecular receptors aimed at extracting these two elements from the environment is strongly desired. In this Article, we report the synthesis of the two enantiomers of cryptophane-223(OH)$_7$ (1) and the study of their interaction with cesium and thallium cations in basic aqueous solutions. These two complexes have been studied by $^{133}$Cs and $^{205}$Tl NMR spectroscopy to reveal the complexation of the two metallic cations and by chiroptical techniques (electronic and vibrational circular dichroism) to provide valuable information about the conformational changes occurring during the binding process. The thermodynamic parameters of complexation K, $\Delta $$H^0$ and $\Delta $$S^0$ obtained from titration experiments reveal a strong interaction between 1 and the two cations under a large range of experimental conditions. A decomposition of the total binding energy, performed by DFT calculations, allows us to characterize the nature of the interactions existing between the cage-molecule and these two cations. These calculations also reveal the importance of the spin-orbit coupling for predicting correctly the large frequency difference between the free Tl$^+$ and Tl$^+$@1 NMR signals and to understand its origin. In addition to the development of a methodology enabling detailed understanding of the host-guest interaction, this study indicates a very pronounced selectivity of this cage-molecule towards both Cs$^+$ and Tl$^+$ cations in various experimental conditions.
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Laure-Lise Chapellet, Jean-Pierre Dognon, Marion Jean, Nicolas Vanthuyne, Patrick Berthault, et al.. Experimental and Theoretical Study of the Complexation of Cesium and Thallium Cations by a Water-Soluble Cryptophane. ChemistrySelect, Wiley, 2017, 2, pp.5292-5300. ⟨http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/wol1/doi/10.1002/slct.201700979/abstract⟩. ⟨10.1002/slct.201700979⟩. ⟨cea-01556375⟩

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