A. Anas, R. Arnott, and K. Small, Urban spatial structure, Journal of Economic literature, vol.36, issue.3, pp.1426-1464, 1998.

A. Anas, WHY ARE URBAN TRAVEL TIMES SO STABLE?, Journal of Regional Science, vol.48, issue.3, pp.230-261, 2015.
DOI : 10.1111/jors.12142

S. Deweerdt, Mobility: The urban downshift, Nature, vol.531, issue.7594, pp.52-53, 2016.
DOI : 10.1016/j.ypmed.2015.09.008

. Tomtom, traffic congestion index, 2016.

J. Andersen and M. Bruwer, Tomtom 2015 traffic index: independent analysis report, 2016.

W. Cox, The TomTom traffic index 2015, 2016.

A. Pisarski, Tomtom thoughts and observations, 2016.

M. Sivak, Commuting to work in the 30 largest US cities Transportation Research Institute, available at: https, 2015.

D. Levinson and W. , The rational locator reexamined: Are travel times still stable?, Transportation, vol.750, issue.5, pp.187-202, 2005.
DOI : 10.1007/s11116-004-5507-4

URL : http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/summary?doi=

R. Louf and M. Barthelemy, How congestion shapes cities: from mobility patterns to scaling, Scientific Reports, vol.6, issue.1, p.5561, 2014.
DOI : 10.1371/journal.pone.0015923

URL : http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4080200

L. Bettencourt, J. Lobo, D. Helbing, C. Kühnert, and G. West, Growth, innovation, scaling, and the pace of life in cities Proceedings of the National Academy of Science Traffic congestion in the world: 10 worst and best cities, pp.7301-7306, 2007.

P. Newman and J. Kenworthy, Gasoline Consumption and Cities, Journal of the American Planning Association, vol.298, issue.1, pp.24-37, 1989.
DOI : 10.2307/3003465

M. Echenique, A. Hargreaves, M. G. Namdeo, and A. , Growing Cities Sustainably, Journal of the American Planning Association, vol.35, issue.3, pp.121-137, 2012.
DOI : 10.1080/01944368908975398

G. Carra, I. Mulalic, M. Fosgerau, and M. Barthelemy, Modeling the relation between income and commuting distance, 2016.
DOI : 10.1098/rsif.2016.0306