A. K. Geim, K. S. Novoselov, T. G. Pedersen, C. Flindt, J. Pedersen et al., The Rise of Graphene Graphene Antidot Lattices: Designed Defects and Spin Qubits, Nat. Mater. Phys. Rev. Lett, vol.100, issue.23, p.136804, 2007.

G. Zhang, M. Puster, J. A. Rodríguez-manzo, A. Balan, . Drndic? et al., Patterning Graphene with Zigzag Edges by Self-Aligned Anisotropic Etching Toward Sensitive Graphene Nanoribbon-Nanopore Devices by Preventing Electron Beam-Induced Damage, Adv. Mater. ACS Nano, vol.23, issue.5, pp.3061-3065, 2011.

N. Kimizuka, A. Z. Stieg, J. K. Gimzewski, M. Kunitake, Y. Mo et al., Thermodynamically Controlled Self-Assembly of Covalent Nanoarchitectures in Aqueous Solution Isomeric Routes to Schiff-Base Single-layered Covalent Organic Frameworks On-Surface Synthesis of Single-Layered Two-Dimensional Covalent Organic Frameworks shape via Solid-Vapor Interface Reactions Graphene-Like Single-Layered Covalent Organic Frameworks: Synthesis Strategies and Application Prospects, 6912?6920. (9) Perepichka, D. F.; Rosei, F. Extending Polymer Conjugation into the Second Dimension, pp.216-217, 2009.

F. Klappenberger, Homo-Coupling of Terminal Alkynes on a Noble Metal Surface Stafstro? m, S. Mechanisms of Halogen-Based Covalent Self-Assembly on Metal Surfaces, 5768?5775. (12) Gao, 1286.

H. Fuchs and . Glaser, Coupling at Metal Surfaces, Angew. Chem., Int. Ed, vol.52, pp.4024-4028, 2013.

M. Treier, C. A. Pignedoli, and T. Laino, On-Surface Formation of One-Dimensional Polyphenylene through Bergman Cyclization, J. Am. Chem. Soc, vol.135, pp.8448-8451, 2013.

D. Passerone and R. Fasel, Surface-Assisted Cyclodehydrogenation Provides a Synthetic Route Towards Easily Processable and Chemically Tailored Nanographenes, Nat. Chem, vol.3, issue.15, pp.61-67, 2011.

Q. Sun, C. Zhang, H. Kong, Q. Tan, W. Xu et al., On-Surface Aryl- Aryl Coupling shape via Selective C-H Activation, Dehydrogenative Homocoupling of Terminal Alkenes on Copper Surfaces: A Route to Dienes 11825?11828. (18) Grill, pp.4549-4552
DOI : 10.1039/c4cc05482b

G. Hilt, J. M. Gottfried, and D. Haberer, Surface-Assisted Organic Synthesis of Hyperbenzene Nanotroughs, Angew. Chem., Int. Ed. Z, vol.52, issue.21, pp.4668-4672, 2013.

L. Dong, P. N. Liu, N. Lin, Q. Fan, J. M. Gottfried et al., Surface-Activated Coupling Reactions Confined on a Surface Surface-Catalyzed C?C Covalent Coupling Strategies toward the Synthesis of Low-Dimensional Carbon-Based Nanostructures A Homomolecular Porous Network at a Cu(111) Surface. Science Chiral Kagome Network from Thiacalix[4]arene Tetrasulfonate at the Interface of Aqueous Solution Surface: An in Situ Electrochemical Scanning Tunneling Microscopy Study, Molecular Bandgap Engineering of Bottom-Up Synthesized Graphene Nanoribbon Heterojunctions. Nat. Nanotechnol. 2015 5598?5599. (26) Liang Two-Dimensional Molecular Porous Networks Formed by Trimesic Acid and-pyridyl)biphenyl on Au(111) through Hierarchical Hydrogen Bonds: Structural Systematics and Control of Nanopore Size and Shape Hierarchical Construction of Self-Assembled Low-Dimensional Molecular Architectures Observed by Using Scanning Tunneling Microscopy28) Liang, H.; He, Y.; Ye, pp.156-160, 2006.

Y. Wang, J. Li, K. Wu, J. Cai, P. Ruffieux et al., Atomically Precise Bottom-Up Fabrication of Graphene Nanoribbons Molecules-Oligomers-Nanowires-Graphene Nanoribbons: A Bottom-Up Stepwise On-Surface Covalent Synthesis Preserving Long-Range Order, Molecular Porous Networks Constructed by Surface Assembling, pp.470-473, 2009.

N. Aghdassi, S. Duhm, Q. Li, D. Zhong, and Y. Li, On-Surface Synthesis of Rylene-Type Graphene Nanoribbons, 4022?4025. (32) Trimeric Supramolecular Liquid Crystals Induced by Halogen Bonds. J. Mater

F. Esch, S. Hecht, L. Grill, P. Metrangolo, G. Resnati et al., Controlling On-Surface Polymerization by Hierarchical and Substrate-Directed Growth Engineering Functional Materials by Halogen Bonding Concentration Dependent Halogen-Bond Density in the 2D Self-Assembly of a Thienophenanthrene Derivative at the Aliphatic Acid/Graphite Interface, Halogen Bonding at Work: Recent Applications in Synthetic Chemistry and Materials Science. CrystEngComm 2013, 15, 3058?3071. (37) Zha, pp.1-15, 2007.

F. S. Che?riouxche?rioux, Robust and Open Tailored Supramolecular Networks Controlled by the Template Effect of a Silicon Surface, Angew. Chem., Int. Ed, vol.50, pp.4094-4098, 2011.

J. Lee, S. Han, A. Saywell, J. Schwarz, S. Hecht et al., 302?306. (41) Silly, F. Selecting Two-Dimensional Halogen-Halogen Bonded Self-Assembled 1,3,5-Tris(4-iodophenyl)benzene Porous Nanoarchitectures at the Solid-Liquid Interface Polymerization on Stepped Surfaces: Alignment of Polymers and Identification of Catalytic Sites Conductance of a Single Conjugated Polymer as a Continuous Function of Its Length, Molecular Multistate Systems Formed in Two- Dimensional Porous Networks on Ag, pp.5096-5100, 2009.

M. Lackinger, Surface Mediated Synthesis of 2D Covalent Organic Frameworks: 1,3,5-tris(4-bromophenyl)benzene on Graphite(001), 4456?4458. (45) Eichhorn, 2009.

P. J. Szabelski and M. Lackinger, On-Surface Ullmann Coupling: The Influence of Kinetic Reaction Parameters on the Morphology and Quality of Covalent Networks, ACS Nano, vol.8, issue.46, pp.7880-7889, 2014.

M. 3. Lackinger, S. Gl, W. M. Heckl, M. Lackinger, J. A. Lipton-duffin et al., On-Surface Radical Addition of Triply Iodinated Monomers on Au(111) -The Influence of Monomer Size and Thermal Post-Processing Synthesis of Polyphenylene Molecular Wires by Surface-Confined Polymerization Electronic structure of graphene on single-crystal copper substrates, Solution Preparation of Two-Dimensional Covalently Linked Networks by Polymerization of 1 592?597. (49), p.5, 2009.

M. Ouyang, A. C. Ferrari, and H. Gao, Role of Cooperative Interactions in the Intercalation of Heteroatoms between Graphene and a Metal Substrate, J. Am. Chem. Soc. J, vol.137, 2015.

G. Hilt, X. Shao, J. M. Gottfried, and K. 3. Wu, Assembling Molecular Sierpin?skiSierpin?ski Triangle Fractals, Nat. Chem. Gro? ning, O, 2015.

K. Mansour, P. Ruffieux, C. A. Pignedoli, D. Passerone, and M. Kastler, Two-Dimensional Polymer Formation on Surfaces: Insight into the Roles of Precursor Mobility and Reactivity, 16669?16676. (53) Syomin, D.; Koel, B. E. Adsorption of Iodobenzene (C 6 H 5 I) on, 2010.

A. Nuzzo and R. G. , Surfaces and Production of Biphenyl (C 6 H 5 -C 6 H 5 ), 265?273. (54) Love, 2001.

G. M. Whitesides, Self-Assembled Monolayers of Thiolates on Metals as a Form of Nanotechnology, 1103?1170. (55), 2005.

E. Espinosa, The Nature of Halogen···Halogen Interactions: A Model Derived from Experimental Charge-Density Analysis (56) Silly, F. A. Robust Method For Processing Scanning Probe Microscopy Images and Determining Nanoobject Position and Dimensions, Angew. Chem., Int. Ed. J. Microsc, vol.48, issue.236, pp.3838-3841, 2009.