Hanbury-Brown Twiss noise correlation with time controlled quasi-particles in ballistic quantum conductors: HIGHLIGHTS : The robust antibunching of indistinguishable leviton charge pulses is demonstrated.

Christian Glattli 1, * P. Roulleau 1, *
* Corresponding author
1 GNE - Groupe Nano-Electronique
SPEC - UMR3680 - Service de physique de l'état condensé, IRAMIS - Institut Rayonnement Matière de Saclay
Abstract : We study the Hanbury Brown and Twiss correlation of electronic quasi-particles injected in a quantum conductor using current noise correlations and we experimentally address the effect of finite temperature. By controlling the relative time of injection of two streams of electrons it is possible to probe the fermionic antibunching, performing the electron analog of the optical Hong Ou Mandel (HOM) experiment. The electrons are injected using voltage pulses with either sine-wave or Lorentzian shape. In the latter case, we propose a set of orthogonal wavefunctions, describing periodic trains of multiply charged electron pulses, which give a simple interpretation to the HOM shot noise. The effect of temperature is then discussed and experimentally investigated. We observe a perfect electron anti-bunching for a large range of temperature, showing that, as recently predicted, thermal mixing of the states does not affect anti-bunching properties, a feature qualitatively different from dephasing. For single charge Lorentzian pulses, we provide experimental evidence of the prediction that the HOM shot noise variation versus the emission time delay is remarkably independent of the temperature.
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Christian Glattli, P. Roulleau. Hanbury-Brown Twiss noise correlation with time controlled quasi-particles in ballistic quantum conductors: HIGHLIGHTS : The robust antibunching of indistinguishable leviton charge pulses is demonstrated.. Physica E: Low-dimensional Systems and Nanostructures, Elsevier, 2016, 76, pp.216 - 222. ⟨10.1016/j.physe.2015.10.034⟩. ⟨cea-01485230⟩

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