From network depolymerization to stress corrosion cracking in sodium-borosilicate glasses: Effect of the chemical composition

Abstract : The study herein examines how chemical composition impacts sub-critical stress corrosion cracking (SCC) in sodium borosilicate glasses. The crack speed versus stress intensity factor (v vs. K$_I$) curves were obtained for seven ternary SiO$_2$-Na$_2$ O-B$_2$ O$_3$ (SBN) glasses of selected chemical compositions. Na$_2$O plays an interesting role in the SCC behavior. First, increasing the Na$_2$O concentration yields an increase in the environmental limit (K$_e$). Second, increasing the Na$_2$O concentration affects how fast SCC occurs as K$_I$ increases (i.e. the slope in region I SCC). This second effect is highly nonlinear: it is insignificant for Na$_2$O < 20% but it becomes increasingly important above 20%, when sodium acts as a network modifier. Raman spectroscopy and Molecular Dynamics (MD) simulations aid in revealing the structural variations which arise from increasing concentrations of Na$_2$O. Na$_2$O causes the relative proportions of the different chemical bonds accessible in SBN glasses to vary. For this series of glasses, the Si–O–Si bond does not dominate the SCC properties. SCC variations originate in the mesoscale structure where sodium ions act as network modifiers on both the silica and borate units, thus yielding a partial depolymerization (i.e. a decrease in the reticulation level) of the network. This second effect reveals itself to be the one responsible for the SCC chemical dependency. Poisson's ratio increases approximately linearly with increasing Na$_2$O concentration , and thus, it is also not simply proportional to the slope in region I SCC. Partial depolymerization of the glass provides a novel prospective on the controlling factors in the sub-critical crack growth.
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Marina Barlet, Jean-Marc Delaye, Bruno Boizot, Daniel Bonamy, Richard Caraballo, et al.. From network depolymerization to stress corrosion cracking in sodium-borosilicate glasses: Effect of the chemical composition. Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, Elsevier, 2016, 450, pp.174 - 184. ⟨10.1016/j.jnoncrysol.2016.07.017⟩. ⟨cea-01483763⟩

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