P. Angelino, A. Bottino, R. Hatzky, S. Jolliet, O. Sauter et al., On the definition of a kinetic equilibrium in global gyrokinetic simulations, Physics of Plasmas, vol.13, issue.5, p.52304, 2006.
DOI : 10.1063/1.2193947

R. E. Bell, F. M. Levinton, S. H. Batha, E. J. Synakowski, and M. C. Zarnstorff, Poloidal Rotation in TFTR Reversed Shear Plasmas, Physical Review Letters, vol.81, issue.7, p.1429, 1998.
DOI : 10.1103/PhysRevLett.81.1429

A. J. Brizard and T. S. Hahm, Foundations of nonlinear gyrokinetic theory, Reviews of Modern Physics, vol.79, issue.2, pp.421-468, 2007.
DOI : 10.1103/RevModPhys.79.421

K. H. Burrell, E. J. Doyle, P. Gohil, R. J. Groebner, J. Kim et al., Role of the radial electric field in the transition from L (low) mode to H (high) mode to VH (very high) mode in the DIII???D tokamak*, Physics of Plasmas, vol.1, issue.5, p.1536, 1994.
DOI : 10.1063/1.870705

S. Chapman and T. G. Cowling, The Mathematical Theory of Non-Uniform Gases, American Journal of Physics, vol.30, issue.5, 1952.
DOI : 10.1119/1.1942035

K. Crombé, Y. Andrew, M. Brix, C. Giroud, S. Hacquin et al., Poloidal Rotation Dynamics, Radial Electric Field, and Neoclassical Theory in the Jet Internal-Transport-Barrier Region, Physical Review Letters, vol.95, issue.15, p.155003, 2005.
DOI : 10.1103/PhysRevLett.95.155003

P. H. Diamond, S. Itoh, K. Itoh, and T. S. Hahm, Zonal flows in plasma???a review, Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, vol.47, issue.5, pp.35-161, 2005.
DOI : 10.1088/0741-3335/47/5/R01

G. Dif-pradalier, V. Grandgirard, Y. Sarazin, X. Garbet, . Ph et al., Gyrokinetic simulations of neoclassical transport using a minimal collision operator, AIP Conference Proceedings
DOI : 10.1063/1.3033731

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/cea-01468364

G. Dif-pradalier, V. Grandgirard, Y. Sarazin, X. Garbet, . Ph et al., On the influence of initial state on gyrokinetic simulations, Physics of Plasmas, vol.15, issue.4, p.42315, 2008.
DOI : 10.1063/1.2904901

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/cea-01468363

X. Garbet, G. Dif-pradalier, C. Nguyen, P. Angelino, Y. Sarazin et al., A minimal collision operator for implementing neoclassical transport in gyrokinetic simulations, AIP Conference Proceedings
DOI : 10.1063/1.3033712

V. Grandgirard, M. Brunetti, P. Bertrand, N. Besse, X. Garbet et al., A drift-kinetic Semi-Lagrangian 4D code for ion turbulence simulation, Journal of Computational Physics, vol.217, issue.2, pp.395-423, 2006.
DOI : 10.1016/j.jcp.2006.01.023

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00594856

V. Grandgirard, Y. Sarazin, P. Angelino, A. Bottino, N. Crouseilles et al., gyrokinetic simulations of plasma turbulence, Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, vol.49, issue.12B, pp.49-173, 2007.
DOI : 10.1088/0741-3335/49/12B/S16

F. L. Hinton and R. D. Hazeltine, Theory of plasma transport in toroidal confinement systems, Reviews of Modern Physics, vol.48, issue.2, pp.239-308, 1976.
DOI : 10.1103/RevModPhys.48.239

F. L. Hinton and M. N. Rosenbluth, Dynamics of axisymmetric and poloidal flows in tokamaks, Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, vol.41, issue.3A, pp.653-662, 1999.
DOI : 10.1088/0741-3335/41/3A/059

Y. Idomura, S. Tokuda, and Y. Kishimoto, Global gyrokinetic simulation of ion temperature gradient driven turbulence in plasmas using a canonical Maxwellian distribution, Nuclear Fusion, vol.43, issue.4, 2003.
DOI : 10.1088/0029-5515/43/4/303

Y. B. Kim, P. H. Diamond, H. Biglari, and J. D. Callen, Theory of neoclassical ion temperature???gradient???driven turbulence, Physics of Fluids B: Plasma Physics, vol.3, issue.2, pp.384-394, 1991.
DOI : 10.1063/1.859748

Y. B. Kim, P. H. Diamond, and R. J. Groebner, Neoclassical poloidal and toroidal rotation in tokamaks, Physics of Fluids B: Plasma Physics, vol.3, issue.8, p.2050, 1991.
DOI : 10.1063/1.859671

Z. Lin, T. S. Hahm, W. W. Lee, W. M. Tang, and P. H. Diamond, Effects of Collisional Zonal Flow Damping on Turbulent Transport, Physical Review Letters, vol.83, issue.18, p.833645, 1999.
DOI : 10.1103/PhysRevLett.83.3645

Z. Lin, T. S. Hahm, W. W. Lee, W. M. Tang, and R. B. White, Turbulent Transport Reduction by Zonal Flows: Massively Parallel Simulations, Science, vol.281, issue.5384, pp.1835-1837, 1998.
DOI : 10.1126/science.281.5384.1835

Z. Lin, W. M. Tang, and W. W. Lee, Gyrokinetic particle simulation of neoclassical transport, Physics of Plasmas, vol.2, issue.8, pp.2975-2988, 1995.
DOI : 10.1063/1.871196

R. M. Mcdermott, J. W. Hughes, B. Lipschultz, K. Marr, and D. Whyte, Edge radial electric field structure on alcator c-mod, 2008.

M. N. Rosenbluth and F. L. Hinton, Poloidal Flow Driven by Ion-Temperature-Gradient Turbulence in Tokamaks, Physical Review Letters, vol.80, issue.4, pp.724-727, 1998.
DOI : 10.1103/PhysRevLett.80.724