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Weakening Gravity on Redshift-Survey Scales with Kinetic Matter Mixing

Abstract : We explore general scalar-tensor models in the presence of a kinetic mixing between matter and the scalar field, which we call Kinetic Matter Mixing. In the frame where gravity is de-mixed from the scalar this is due to disformal couplings of matter species to the gravitational sector, with disformal coefficients that depend on the gradient of the scalar field. In the frame where matter is minimally coupled, it originates from the so-called beyond Horndeski quadratic Lagrangian. We extend the Effective Theory of Interacting Dark Energy by allowing disformal coupling coefficients to depend on the gradient of the scalar field as well. In this very general approach, we derive the conditions to avoid ghost and gradient instabilities and we define Kinetic Matter Mixing independently of the frame metric used to described the action. We study its phenomenological consequences for a ΛCDM background evolution, first analytically on small scales. Then, we compute the matter power spectrum and the angular spectra of the CMB anisotropies and the CMB lensing potential, on all scales. We employ the public version of COOP, a numerical Einstein-Boltzmann solver that implements very general scalar-tensor modifications of gravity. Rather uniquely, Kinetic Matter Mixing weakens gravity on short scales, predicting a lower σ 8 with respect to the ΛCDM case. We propose this as a possible solution to the tension between the CMB best-fit model and low-redshift observables.
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https://hal-cea.archives-ouvertes.fr/cea-01457971
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Submitted on : Monday, February 6, 2017 - 4:07:16 PM
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  • HAL Id : cea-01457971, version 1
  • ARXIV : 1609.01272

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Guido D 'Amico, Zhiqi Huang, Michele Mancarella, Filippo Vernizzi. Weakening Gravity on Redshift-Survey Scales with Kinetic Matter Mixing. 2016. ⟨cea-01457971⟩

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