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High-order moments of spin-orbit energy in a multielectron configuration

X. Na 1, 2 M. Poirier 2, 1
2 MHDE - Matière à Haute Densité d'Energie
IRAMIS - Institut Rayonnement Matière de Saclay, LIDyl - Laboratoire Interactions, Dynamiques et Lasers (ex SPAM)
Abstract : In order to analyze the energy-level distribution in complex ions such as those found in warm dense plasmas, this paper provides values for high-order moments of the spin-orbit energy in a multielectron configuration. Using second-quantization results and standard angular algebra or fully analytical expressions, explicit values are given for moments up to 10th order for the spin-orbit energy. Two analytical methods are proposed, using the uncoupled or coupled orbital and spin angular momenta. The case of multiple open subshells is considered with the help of cumulants. The proposed expressions for spin-orbit energy moments are compared to numerical computations from Cowan's code and agree with them. The convergence of the Gram-Charlier expansion involving these spin-orbit moments is analyzed. While a spectrum with infinitely thin components cannot be adequately represented by such an expansion, a suitable convolution procedure ensures the convergence of the Gram-Charlier series provided high-order terms are accounted for. A corrected analytical formula for the third-order moment involving both spin-orbit and electron-electron interactions turns out to be in fair agreement with Cowan's numerical computations.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, January 4, 2017 - 3:55:35 PM
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X. Na, M. Poirier. High-order moments of spin-orbit energy in a multielectron configuration. Physical Review E , American Physical Society (APS), 2016, 94, pp.013206. ⟨10.1103/PhysRevE.94.013206⟩. ⟨cea-01426514⟩



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