Fabrication of novel porous membrane from biobased water-soluble polymer (hydroxypropylcellulose)

A Hanafia 1 C Faur 1 A Deratani 1 P Guenoun 2 H Garate 2 D Quemener 1 C Pochat-Bohatier 1 D Bouyer 1
2 LIONS - Laboratoire Interdisciplinaire sur l'Organisation Nanométrique et Supramoléculaire
NIMBE UMR 3685 - Nanosciences et Innovation pour les Matériaux, la Biomédecine et l'Energie (ex SIS2M)
Abstract : Herein, a novel polymeric porous membrane was developed, without the use of any organic solvent in the initial dope solution and using a biobased polymer derived from cellulose: Hydroxypropylcellulose (HPC). HPC was dissolved in water (20 wt%) and the phase separation was induced by increasing the temperature above the Lower Critical Solution Temperature (LCST) of the polymer solution, around 40 °C in the concentration range concerned in this study. To fix the membrane morphology and to prevent any resolubilization in water during filtration tests, a chemical crosslinking was performed using Glutaraldehyde. The phase diagram of HPC/water system was first studied and not only the cloud point but also the spinodal curves were determined using optical transmission techniques. It was exhibited that HPC phase diagram is very weakly dependent on concentration up to large concentrations and that the metastable region is very small, i.e. the cloud point and the spinodal curves are very close in a large range of concentration. The membrane stability was tested in water and some organic solvents, thus demonstrating the efficiency of the chemical crosslinking during membrane formation. The swelling and mechanical properties of HPC membranes were also investigated depending on the operating condition during membrane formation, showing that the temperature ramp during the membrane formation, from initial to final temperature, have a significant effect on the crosslinking efficiency and hence on the swelling properties. Finally, adding a porogen (PEG200) into the collodion, filtration tests were performed and exhibited that the membrane filtration properties depend on the temperature ramp as well, showing higher water flux for the highest temperature ramp tested.
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A Hanafia, C Faur, A Deratani, P Guenoun, H Garate, et al.. Fabrication of novel porous membrane from biobased water-soluble polymer (hydroxypropylcellulose). Journal of Membrane Science, Elsevier, 2016, 526, pp.212 - 220. 〈http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0376738816316246〉. 〈10.1016/j.memsci.2016.12.037〉. 〈cea-01424879〉

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