The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly: Statistical quality assessment of SZ detections

Abstract : We examine three approaches to the problem of source classification in catalogues. Our goal is to determine the confidence with which the elements in these catalogues can be distinguished in populations on the basis of their spectral energy distribution (SED). Our analysis is based on the projection of the measurements onto a comprehensive SED model of the main signals in the considered range of frequencies. We first consider likelihood analysis, which is halfway between supervised and unsupervised methods. Next, we investigate an unsupervised clustering technique. Finally, we consider a supervised classifier based on artificial neural networks. We illustrate the approach and results using catalogues from various surveys, such as X-rays (MCXC), optical (SDSS), and millimetric (Planck Sunyaev-Zeldovich (SZ)). We show that the results from the statistical classifications of the three methods are in very good agreement with each other, although the supervised neural network-based classification shows better performance allowing the best separation into populations of reliable and unreliable sources in catalogues. The latest method was applied to the SZ sources detected by the Planck satellite. It led to a classification assessing and thereby agreeing with the reliability assessment published in the Planck SZ catalogue. Our method could easily be applied to catalogues from future large surveys such as SRG/eROSITA and Euclid.
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N. Aghanim, G. Hurier, J.-M. Diego, M. Douspis, J. Macias-Perez, et al.. The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly: Statistical quality assessment of SZ detections. Astronomy and Astrophysics - A&A, EDP Sciences, 2015, 580, pp.A138. ⟨10.1051/0004-6361/201424963⟩. ⟨cea-01383656⟩

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