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Journal Articles Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics Year : 2014

Charge spill-out and work function of few-layer graphene on SiC(0 0 0 1)

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Abstract

We report on the charge spill-out and work function of epitaxial few-layer graphene on 6 H-SiC(0 0 0 1). Experiments from high-resolution, energy-filtered x-ray photoelectron emission microscopy (XPEEM) are combined with ab initio density functional theory calculations using a relaxed interface model. The work function values obtained from theory and experiments are in qualitative agreement, reproducing the previously observed trend of increasing work function with each additional graphene plane. Electron transfer at the SiC/graphene interface through a buffer layer (BL) causes an interface dipole moment which is at the origin of the graphene work function modulation. The total charge transfer is independent of the number of graphene layers, and is consistent with the constant binding energy of the SiC component of the C 1s core-level, measured by XPEEM. Charge leakage into a vacuum depends on the number of graphene layers, explaining why the experimental, layer-dependent C 1s graphene core-level binding energy shift does not rigidly follow that of the work function. Thus, a combination of charge transfer at the SiC/graphene interface and charge spill-out into the vacuum resolves the apparent discrepancy between the experimental work function and C 1s binding energy

Dates and versions

cea-01376771 , version 1 (05-10-2016)

Identifiers

Cite

O Renault, P Pascon, H Rotella, K Kaja, C Mathieu, et al.. Charge spill-out and work function of few-layer graphene on SiC(0 0 0 1). Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, 2014, 47 (29), pp.295303. ⟨10.1088/0022-3727/47/29/295303⟩. ⟨cea-01376771⟩
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