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Imaging Molecular Orbitals of PTCDA on Graphene on Pt(111): Electronic Structure by STM and First-Principles Calculations

Abstract : The adsorption and growth of 3,4,9,10-perylene tetracarboxylic dianhydride (PTCDA) on graphene monolayers epitaxially grown on Pt(111) surfaces is studied by a combination of experimental scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) and spectroscopy (STS) measurements and first-principles density functional theory (DFT) calculations. For submonolayer coverage, until the completion of the first layer, PTCDA molecules form a well-ordered herringbone structure with molecules lying flat on the graphene surface weakly coupled to the Pt(111) substrate. High-resolution STM imaging at different sample biases has allowed the identification of intramolecular features that can be related to the original PTCDA frontier orbitals. Theoretical STM calculations, based on local-orbital DFT, have been carried out on the full PTCDA/graphene/Pt(111) system. The comparison of theoretical and experimental STM images has allowed us to ascribe the origin of intramolecular features to the highest occupied and lowest unoccupied molecular orbitals (HOMO and LUMO) of the free PTCDA molecules. Moreover, the experimental STS spectra display well-resolved peaks centered at −2.2 and +1.2 eV in excellent agreement with DFT calculations. This study reveals that the growth and electronic structure of PTCDA retain all of the essential electronic features of the molecular layer upon adsorption on this weakly coupled graphene on Pt(111) surface.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, October 4, 2016 - 5:08:11 PM
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Antonio J. Martínez-Galera, Nicoleta Nicoara, José I. J Martínez, Yannick J. Dappe, José Ortega, et al.. Imaging Molecular Orbitals of PTCDA on Graphene on Pt(111): Electronic Structure by STM and First-Principles Calculations. Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 2014, 118, pp.12782 - 12788. ⟨10.1021/jp500768y⟩. ⟨cea-01376409⟩



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