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Experimental study of granular surface flows via a fast camera: A continuous description

D. Bonamy 1 F. Daviaud 2, 1 L. Laurent 1
2 SPHYNX - Systèmes Physiques Hors-équilibre, hYdrodynamique, éNergie et compleXes
SPEC - UMR3680 - Service de physique de l'état condensé, IRAMIS - Institut Rayonnement Matière de Saclay
Abstract : Depth averaged conservation equations are written for granular surface flows. Their application to the study of steady surface flows in a rotating drum allows to find experimentally the constitutive relations needed to close these equations from measurements of the velocity profile in the flowing layer at the center of the drum and from the flowing layer thickness and the static/flowing boundary profiles. The velocity varies linearly with depth, with a gradient independent of both the flowing layer thickness and the static/flowing boundary local slope. The first two closure relations relating the flow rate and the momentum flux to the flowing layer thickness and the slope are then deduced. Measurements of the profile of the flowing layer thickness and the static/flowing boundary in the whole drum explicitly give the last relation concerning the force acting on the flowing layer. Finally, these closure relations are compared to existing continuous models of surface flows.
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D. Bonamy, F. Daviaud, L. Laurent. Experimental study of granular surface flows via a fast camera: A continuous description. Physics of Fluids, American Institute of Physics, 2002, 14, pp.1666-1673. ⟨10.1063/1.1459720⟩. ⟨cea-01373869⟩

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