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Kinematic dynamo simulations of von Karman flows : application to the VKS experiment

A. Pinter 1 Bérengère Dubrulle 2 François Daviaud 2
1 SPHYNX - Systèmes Physiques Hors-équilibre, hYdrodynamique, éNergie et compleXes
SPEC - UMR3680 - Service de physique de l'état condensé, IRAMIS - Institut Rayonnement Matière de Saclay
Abstract : The VKS experiment has evidenced dynamo action in a highly turbulent liquid sodium von Kármán flow [R. Monchaux et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 044502 (2007)]. However, the existence and the onset of a dynamo happen to depend on the experimental configuration. Performing kinematic dynamo simulations on real flows, we study the influence of the configuration on dynamo action, namely the sense of rotation and the presence of an annulus in the shear layer plane. The 3 components of the mean velocity fields are measured in a water prototype for different VKS configurations through Stereoscopic Particle Imaging Velocimetry. Experimental data are then processed in order to use them in a periodic cylindrical kinematic code. Even if the kinematic predicted mode appears to be different from the experimental saturated one, the results concerning the existence of a dynamo and the thresholds are in qualitative agreement, showing the importance of the flow characteristics.
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A. Pinter, Bérengère Dubrulle, François Daviaud. Kinematic dynamo simulations of von Karman flows : application to the VKS experiment. European Physical Journal B: Condensed Matter and Complex Systems, Springer-Verlag, 2010, 74 (2), ⟨10.1140/epjb/e2010-00078-5⟩. ⟨cea-01373380⟩

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