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Lead it be! Identifying the construction phases of gothic cathedrals using lead analysis by LA-ICP-MS

Maxime L 'Héritier 1 Adrien Arles 2, 3 Alexandre Disser 4 Bernard Gratuze 2
2 IRAMAT-CEB - IRAMAT - Centre Ernest Babelon
IRAMAT - Institut de Recherches sur les Archéomatériaux
4 LAPA - UMR 3685 - Laboratoire Archéomatériaux et Prévision de l'Altération
NIMBE UMR 3685 - Nanosciences et Innovation pour les Matériaux, la Biomédecine et l'Energie (ex SIS2M)
Abstract : Lead was a broadly used metal in ancient times, especially for construction purposes. The potential of construction lead analysis has never been considered so far, as most analytical methods prove restrictive to study large sets of samples. For this purpose, the development of a new lead analytical protocol using LA-ICP-MS was under-taken. It can determine quickly at the ppm level for the main trace elements contained in ancient lead alloys: As, Ag, Bi, Cd, Cu, Ni, Sb, and Sn. The method was then applied to a set of 172 lead sealings sampled on three major cathedrals of Gothic France: Bourges, Chartres and Metz. Results show that no particular lead quality was required for construction on these building yards and that the final composition of the lead depends on the definitive mixing of matters before pouring. Regarding this last point, for each monument, discrimination of different " melt batches " of lead through trace element analysis was able to highlight unprecedented chronological sequences , thus greatly improving our understanding of the building dynamics.
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https://hal-cea.archives-ouvertes.fr/cea-01338148
Contributor : Serge Palacin <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, June 28, 2016 - 8:44:54 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, June 18, 2020 - 2:56:03 PM

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Maxime L 'Héritier, Adrien Arles, Alexandre Disser, Bernard Gratuze. Lead it be! Identifying the construction phases of gothic cathedrals using lead analysis by LA-ICP-MS. Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports, Elsevier, 2016, 6, pp.252-265. ⟨10.1016/j.jasrep.2016.02.017⟩. ⟨cea-01338148⟩

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