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v4, v5, v6, v7: nonlinear hydrodynamic response versus LHC data

Abstract : Higher harmonics of anisotropic flow ($v_n$ with $n\ge 4$) in heavy-ion collisions can be measured either with respect to their own plane, or with respect to a plane constructed using lower-order harmonics. We explain how such measurements are related to event-plane correlations. We show that CMS data on $v_4$ and $v_6$ are compatible with ATLAS data on event-plane correlations. If one assumes that higher harmonics are the superposition of non-linear and linear responses, then the linear and non-linear parts can be isolated under fairly general assumptions. By combining analyses of higher harmonics with analyses of $v_2$ and $v_3$, one can eliminate the uncertainty from initial conditions and define quantities that only involve nonlinear hydrodynamic response coefficients. Experimental data on $v_4$, $v_5$ and $v_6$ are in good agreement with hydrodynamic calculations. We argue that $v_7$ can be measured with respect to elliptic and triangular flow. We present predictions for $v_7$ versus centrality in Pb-Pb collisions at the LHC.
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Li Yan, Jean-Yves Ollitrault. v4, v5, v6, v7: nonlinear hydrodynamic response versus LHC data. Physics Letters B, Elsevier, 2015, 744, pp.82-87. ⟨10.1016/j.physletb.2015.03.040⟩. ⟨cea-01323577⟩



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