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The GALEX Ultraviolet Virgo Cluster Survey (GUViCS): V. Ultraviolet diffuse emission and cirrus properties in the Virgo cluster direction

Abstract : Context. The Virgo direction has been observed at many wavelengths in recent years, in particular in the ultraviolet with GALEX. The far ultraviolet (FUV) diffuse light detected by GALEX offers interesting information on the large scale distribution of Galactic dust, owing to the GALEX FUV band sensitivity and resolution.Aims. We aim to characterise the ultraviolet large scale distribution of diffuse emission in the Virgo direction. A map of this emission may become useful for various studies by identifying regions where dust affects observations by either scattering light or absorbing radiation.Methods. We constructed mosaics of the FUV and near ultraviolet (NUV) diffuse emission over a large sky region (RA 12 to 13 h, Dec 0 to 20 deg) surrounding the Virgo cluster, using all the GALEX available data in the area. We tested for the first time the utilisation of the FUV diffuse light as a Galactic extinction E(B − V) tracer.Results. The FUV diffuse light scattered on cirrus reveals details about their geometry. Despite large dispersion, the FUV diffuse light correlates roughly with other Galactic dust tracers (coming from IRAS, Herschel, Planck), offering an opportunity to use the FUV emission to locate them in future studies with a better resolution (about 5 arcsec native resolution, 20 arcsec pixels maps presented in this paper) than for several usual tracers. Estimating the Galactic dust extinction on the basis of this emission allows us to find a smaller dispersion in the NUV − i colour of background galaxies at a given E(B − V) than with other tracers. The diffuse light mosaics obtained in this work are made publicly available.
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S. Boissier, A. Boselli, E. Voyer, S. Bianchi, C. Pappalardo, et al.. The GALEX Ultraviolet Virgo Cluster Survey (GUViCS): V. Ultraviolet diffuse emission and cirrus properties in the Virgo cluster direction. Astronomy and Astrophysics - A&A, EDP Sciences, 2015, 579, pp.A29. ⟨10.1051/0004-6361/201526089⟩. ⟨cea-01300615⟩

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