H. A. Abt and S. G. Levy, Multiplicity among solar-type stars, The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, vol.30, p.273, 1976.
DOI : 10.1086/190363

H. A. Abt and D. Willmarth, The Secondaries of Solar???Type Primaries. I. The Radial Velocities, The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, vol.162, issue.1, p.207, 2006.
DOI : 10.1086/498095

R. G. Aitken, The orbit of the Sirius, Lick Observatory Bulletins, vol.9, p.184, 1918.
DOI : 10.5479/ADS/bib/1918LicOB.9.184A

T. W. Anderson and M. A. Stephens, Tests for randomness of directions against equatorial and bimodal alternatives, Biometrika, vol.59, issue.3, p.613, 1972.
DOI : 10.1093/biomet/59.3.613

I. I. Balega, Y. Y. Balega, and K. Hofmann, Orbits of new Hipparcos binaries. I, Astronomy and Astrophysics, vol.433, issue.2, p.591, 2005.
DOI : 10.1051/0004-6361:20041190

A. Baranne, M. Mayor, and J. L. Poncet, Coravel??? A new tool for radial velocity measurements, Vistas in Astronomy, vol.23, p.279, 1979.
DOI : 10.1016/0083-6656(79)90016-3

R. K. Barry, B. Demory, and D. Ségransan, A PRECISE PHYSICAL ORBIT FOR THE M-DWARF BINARY GLIESE 268, The Astrophysical Journal, vol.760, issue.1, p.55, 2012.
DOI : 10.1088/0004-637X/760/1/55

G. F. Benedict, B. E. Mcarthur, and O. G. Franz, Precise Masses for Wolf 1062 AB from [ITAL]HUBBLE SPACE TELESCOPE[/ITAL][ITAL]Hubble Space Telescope[/ITAL] Interferometric Astrometry and M[CLC]c[/CLC]Donald Observatory Radial Velocities, The Astronomical Journal, vol.121, issue.3, p.1607, 2001.
DOI : 10.1086/319399

R. J. Beran, Testing for uniformity on a compact homogeneous space, Journal of Applied Probability, vol.2, issue.01, p.177, 1968.
DOI : 10.1214/aoms/1177704257

F. C. Bertiau, The Orbits of the Spectroscopic Binaries Rho Orionis, Eta Bootis, and 32 Virginis., The Astrophysical Journal, vol.125, p.696, 1957.
DOI : 10.1086/146343

J. Beuzit, D. Ségransan, and T. Forveille, New neighbours, Astronomy & Astrophysics, vol.425, issue.3, p.997, 2004.
DOI : 10.1051/0004-6361:20048006

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00009381

C. Bingham, An Antipodally Symmetric Distribution on the Sphere, The Annals of Statistics, vol.2, issue.6, p.1201, 1974.
DOI : 10.1214/aos/1176342874

P. Bodenheimer, Evolution of rotating interstellar clouds. III - On the formation of multiple star systems, The Astrophysical Journal, vol.224, p.488, 1978.
DOI : 10.1086/156396

P. Bodenheimer and A. Burkert, in The Formation of Binary Stars, p.13, 2001.

I. A. Bonnell, &. R. Zinnecker, . Mathieu, and . Symp, in The Formation of Binary Stars, p.23, 2001.

M. S. Briggs, Dipole and quadrupole tests of the isotropy of gamma-ray burst locations, The Astrophysical Journal, vol.407, p.126, 1993.
DOI : 10.1086/172498

K. Chang, Parallax, proper motion and orbital motion of the visual binary sigma1321., The Astronomical Journal, vol.77, p.759, 1972.
DOI : 10.1086/111350

W. H. Christie, The Orbits of Three K-Type Spectroscopic Binaries, The Astrophysical Journal, vol.80, p.181, 1934.
DOI : 10.1086/143596

A. N. Cox, Allen's Astrophysical Quantities, 2000.

Z. Cvetkovi´ccvetkovi´c, R. Pavlovi´cpavlovi´c, S. Ninkovi´cninkovi´c, and M. Stojanovi´cstojanovi´c, SYSTEM ADS 48: VISUAL BINARY OR MULTIPLE SYSTEM, The Astronomical Journal, vol.144, issue.3, p.80, 2012.
DOI : 10.1088/0004-6256/144/3/80

W. Dehnen, The Distribution of Nearby Stars in Velocity Space Inferred from [ITAL]Hipparcos[/ITAL] Data, The Astronomical Journal, vol.115, issue.6, p.2384, 1998.
DOI : 10.1086/300364

J. Dommanget, The space arrangement of the orbital planes of the visual double stars, Astrophysics and Space Science, vol.6, issue.1-2, p.171, 1988.
DOI : 10.1007/BF00656199

J. Dommanget, . Travaux, J. Submitted-dommanget, and O. Nys, Observations, Observations et Travaux, vol.62, issue.5, 2006.

J. D. Drummond, J. C. Christou, and R. Q. Fugate, Full Adaptive Optics Images of ADS 9731 and MU Cassiopeiae: Orbits and Masses, The Astrophysical Journal, vol.450, p.380, 1995.
DOI : 10.1086/176148

P. Eggenberger, A. Miglio, F. Carrier, J. Fernandes, and N. C. Santos, Analysis of 70 Ophiuchi AB including seismic constraints, Astronomy and Astrophysics, vol.482, issue.2, p.631, 2008.
DOI : 10.1051/0004-6361:20078624

P. P. Eggleton and L. Kiseleva-eggleton, The Hipparcos and Tycho Catalogues VizieR Online Data Catalog I, ESA SP (Nooodwijk: ESA publications Division), p.239, 1012.

D. Fabrycky and S. Tremaine, Shrinking Binary and Planetary Orbits by Kozai Cycles with Tidal Friction, The Astrophysical Journal, vol.669, issue.2, p.1298, 2007.
DOI : 10.1086/521702

B. Famaey, A. Jorissen, and X. Luri, Local kinematics of K and M??giants from CORAVEL/Hipparcos/Tycho-2 data, Astronomy & Astrophysics, vol.430, issue.1, p.165, 2005.
DOI : 10.1051/0004-6361:20041272

B. Famaey, A. Siebert, and A. Jorissen, On the age heterogeneity of the Pleiades, Hyades, and Sirius moving groups, Astronomy and Astrophysics, vol.483, issue.2, p.453, 2008.
DOI : 10.1051/0004-6361:20078979

C. D. Farrington, T. A. Ten-brummelaar, and B. D. Mason, SEPARATED FRINGE PACKET OBSERVATIONS WITH THE CHARA ARRAY. I. METHODS AND NEW ORBITS FOR ?? DRACONIS, HD 184467, AND HD 198084, The Astronomical Journal, vol.139, issue.6, p.2308, 2010.
DOI : 10.1088/0004-6256/139/6/2308

J. Fekel and F. C. , The properties of close multiple stars, The Astrophysical Journal, vol.246, p.879, 1981.
DOI : 10.1086/158981

J. Fekel, F. Lacy, C. H. Bopp, and B. W. , Gliese 815 - A dMe spectroscopic-visual triple, The Astronomical Journal, vol.83, p.1445, 1978.
DOI : 10.1086/112338

G. Gatewood, An Astrometric Study of the Binary Star ?? Ophiuchi, The Astronomical Journal, vol.130, issue.2, p.809, 2005.
DOI : 10.1086/431723

T. M. Girard, H. Wu, and J. T. Lee, A Redetermination of the Mass of Procyon, The Astronomical Journal, vol.119, issue.5, p.2428, 2000.
DOI : 10.1086/301353

J. E. Gizis, I. N. Reid, and S. L. Hawley, The Palomar/MSU Nearby Star Spectroscopic Survey. III. Chromospheric Activity, M Dwarf Ages, and the Local Star Formation History, The Astronomical Journal, vol.123, issue.6, p.3356, 2002.
DOI : 10.1086/340465

D. L. Gorshanov, N. A. Shakht, and A. A. Kisselev, Observations of the binary star 61 Cyg on the 26 inch refractor at the Pulkovo observatory, Astrophysics, vol.197, issue.2, p.386, 2006.
DOI : 10.1007/s10511-006-0038-7

R. F. Griffin, The Observatory, p.273, 1998.

R. F. Griffin, The Observatory, p.258, 2004.

R. F. Griffin and B. Emerson, The Observatory, p.23, 1975.

A. Hale, Orbital coplanarity in solar-type binary systems: Implications for planetary system formation and detection, The Astronomical Journal, vol.107, p.306, 1994.
DOI : 10.1086/116855

I. Han and G. Gatewood, Orionis from Astrometric and Radial Velocity Data, Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific, vol.114, issue.792, p.224, 2002.
DOI : 10.1086/338367

W. I. Hartkopf, B. D. Mason, and H. A. Mcalister, Binary Star Orbits From Speckle Interferometry. VIII. Orbits of 37 Close Visual System, The Astronomical Journal, vol.111, p.370, 1996.
DOI : 10.1086/117790

W. I. Hartkopf, B. D. Mason, and C. E. Worley, The 2001 US Naval Observatory Double Star CD-ROM. II. The Fifth Catalog of Orbits of Visual Binary Stars, The Astronomical Journal, vol.122, issue.6, p.3472, 2001.
DOI : 10.1086/323921

D. Hartmann and R. I. Epstein, The angular distribution of gamma-ray bursts, The Astrophysical Journal, vol.346, p.960, 1989.
DOI : 10.1086/168076

W. D. Heintz, Astrometric study of four visual binaries., The Astronomical Journal, vol.79, p.819, 1974.
DOI : 10.1086/111614

W. D. Heintz, Orbits of 16 visual binaries, The Astronomical Journal, vol.89, p.1063, 1984.
DOI : 10.1086/113602

W. D. Heintz, The red-dwarf binary Sigma2398, Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific, vol.99, p.1084, 1987.
DOI : 10.1086/132082

W. D. Heintz, Photographic astrometry of binary and proper-motion stars., The Astronomical Journal, vol.99, p.420, 1990.
DOI : 10.1086/115340

W. D. Heintz, Photographic astrometry of binar and proper-motion stars: 8., The Astronomical Journal, vol.108, p.2338, 1994.
DOI : 10.1086/117247

W. D. Heintz, A Study of Multiple-Star Systems, The Astronomical Journal, vol.111, p.408, 1996.
DOI : 10.1086/117792

W. D. Heintz and B. A. Cantor, An astrometric study of four binary stars, Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific, vol.106, p.363, 1994.
DOI : 10.1086/133386

J. Heisler and S. Tremaine, The influence of the Galactic tidal field on the Oort comet cloud, Icarus, vol.65, issue.1, p.13, 1986.
DOI : 10.1016/0019-1035(86)90060-6

S. Hinkley, J. D. Monnier, and B. R. Oppenheimer, ESTABLISHING ?? Oph AS A PROTOTYPE ROTATOR: IMPROVED ASTROMETRIC ORBIT, The Astrophysical Journal, vol.726, issue.2, p.104, 2011.
DOI : 10.1088/0004-637X/726/2/104

C. A. Hummel, J. A. Benson, and D. J. Hutter, First Observations with a Co-phased Six-Station Optical Long-Baseline Array: Application to the Triple Star Virginis, The Astronomical Journal, vol.125, issue.5, p.2630, 2003.
DOI : 10.1086/374572

R. M. Humphreys and J. A. Larsen, The Sun's Distance Above the Galactic Plane, The Astronomical Journal, vol.110, p.2183, 1995.
DOI : 10.1086/117677

A. W. Irwin, S. L. Yang, and G. A. Walker, 36 Ophiuchi AB: Incompatibility of the Orbit and Precise Radial Velocities, Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific, vol.108, p.580, 1996.
DOI : 10.1086/133768

S. Jancart, A. Jorissen, C. Babusiaux, and D. Pourbaix, stars, Astronomy and Astrophysics, vol.442, issue.1, p.365, 2005.
DOI : 10.1051/0004-6361:20053003

J. D. Kirkpatrick, C. R. Gelino, and M. C. Cushing, FURTHER DEFINING SPECTRAL TYPE ???Y??? AND EXPLORING THE LOW-MASS END OF THE FIELD BROWN DWARF MASS FUNCTION, The Astrophysical Journal, vol.753, issue.2, p.156, 2012.
DOI : 10.1088/0004-637X/753/2/156

O. V. Kiyaeva, A. A. Kisselev, E. V. Polyakov, and V. B. Skii, An astrometric study of the triple star ADS 48, Astronomy Letters, vol.27, issue.6, p.391, 2001.
DOI : 10.1134/1.1374678

M. Konacki, M. W. Muterspaugh, S. R. Kulkarni, and K. G. He?miniak, HIGH-PRECISION ORBITAL AND PHYSICAL PARAMETERS OF DOUBLE-LINED SPECTROSCOPIC BINARY STARS???HD78418, HD123999, HD160922, HD200077, AND HD210027, The Astrophysical Journal, vol.719, issue.2, p.1293, 2010.
DOI : 10.1088/0004-637X/719/2/1293

Y. Kozai, Secular perturbations of asteroids with high inclination and eccentricity, The Astronomical Journal, vol.67, p.591, 1962.
DOI : 10.1086/108790

P. Kroupa, C. A. Tout, and G. Gilmore, The distribution of low-mass stars in the Galactic disc, Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, vol.262, issue.3, p.545, 1993.
DOI : 10.1093/mnras/262.3.545

S. L. Lippincott, Parallax and orbital motion of the astrometric binary CI 18,2354 fromphotographs taken with 24-inch Sproul refractor., The Astronomical Journal, vol.72, p.1349, 1967.
DOI : 10.1086/110415

S. L. Lippincott, Parallax and orbital motion of the 2 nearby long-period visual binaries Groombridge 34 and ADS 9090., The Astronomical Journal, vol.77, p.165, 1972.
DOI : 10.1086/111261

S. L. Lippincott, Astrometric analysis of the unresolved binary MU Cassiopeiae from photographs taken with the Sproul 61 centimeter refractor, The Astrophysical Journal, vol.248, p.1053, 1981.
DOI : 10.1086/159234

W. Lu, S. M. Rucinski, and W. Og?oza, Radial Velocity Studies of Close Binary Stars. IV., The Astronomical Journal, vol.122, issue.1, p.402, 2001.
DOI : 10.1086/321131

B. D. Mason, H. A. Mcalister, W. I. Hartkopf, and M. M. Shara, Binary star orbits from speckle interferometry. 7: The multiple system XI Ursae Majoris, The Astronomical Journal, vol.109, p.332, 1995.
DOI : 10.1086/117277

B. D. Mason, G. G. Douglass, and W. I. Hartkopf, Binary Star Orbits from Speckle Interferometry. I. Improved Orbital Elements of 22 Visual Systems, The Astronomical Journal, vol.117, issue.2, p.1023, 1999.
DOI : 10.1086/300748

DOI : 10.1088/0004-6256/135/3/766

M. W. Muterspaugh, W. I. Hartkopf, and B. F. Lane, THE PHASES DIFFERENTIAL ASTROMETRY DATA ARCHIVE. II. UPDATED BINARY STAR ORBITS AND A LONG PERIOD ECLIPSING BINARY, The Astronomical Journal, vol.140, issue.6, p.1623, 2010.
DOI : 10.1088/0004-6256/140/6/1623

M. W. Muterspaugh, B. F. Lane, and S. R. Kulkarni, THE PHASES DIFFERENTIAL ASTROMETRY DATA ARCHIVE. III. LIMITS TO TERTIARY COMPANIONS, The Astronomical Journal, vol.140, issue.6, p.1631, 2010.
DOI : 10.1088/0004-6256/140/6/1631

M. W. Muterspaugh, B. F. Lane, and S. R. Kulkarni, THE PHASES DIFFERENTIAL ASTROMETRY DATA ARCHIVE. V. CANDIDATE SUBSTELLAR COMPANIONS TO BINARY SYSTEMS, The Astronomical Journal, vol.140, issue.6, p.1657, 2010.
DOI : 10.1088/0004-6256/140/6/1657

D. L. Nidever, G. W. Marcy, R. P. Butler, D. A. Fischer, and S. S. Vogt, Radial Velocities for 889 Late???Type Stars, The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, vol.141, issue.2, p.503, 2002.
DOI : 10.1086/340570

J. Agati, Orbital poles of binary stars, ApJ, vol.728, p.111, 2011.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/cea-01290090

D. Pourbaix, Resolved double-lined spectroscopic binaries: A neglected source of hypothesis-free parallaxes and stellar masses, Astronomy and Astrophysics Supplement Series, vol.145, issue.2, p.215, 2000.
DOI : 10.1051/aas:2000237

D. Pourbaix, D. Nidever, and C. Mccarthy, Constraining the difference in convective blueshift between the components of ? Centauri with precise radial velocities, Astronomy and Astrophysics, vol.386, issue.1, p.280, 2002.
DOI : 10.1051/0004-6361:20020287

D. Pourbaix, A. A. Tokovinin, and A. H. Batten, : The ninth catalogue of spectroscopic binary orbits, Astronomy and Astrophysics, vol.424, issue.2, p.727, 2004.
DOI : 10.1051/0004-6361:20041213

J. E. Pringle, On the formation of binary stars, Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, vol.239, issue.2, p.361, 1989.
DOI : 10.1093/mnras/239.2.361

I. N. Reid, S. L. Hawley, and J. E. Gizis, The Palomar/MSU Nearby-Star Spectroscopic Survey. I. The Northern M Dwarfs -Bandstrengths and Kinematics, The Astronomical Journal, vol.110, p.1838, 1995.
DOI : 10.1086/117655

M. Scardia, R. W. Argyle, and J. Prieur, The orbit of the visual binary ADS 8630 (?? Vir), Astronomische Nachrichten, vol.79, issue.2, p.146, 2007.
DOI : 10.1002/asna.200610710

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00288766

M. Scardia, J. Prieur, and L. Pansecchi, Speckle observations with PISCO in Merate: IV. Astrometric measurements of visual binaries in 2005, Astronomische Nachrichten, vol.26161, issue.1, p.54, 2008.
DOI : 10.1002/asna.200710834

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00288212

D. M. Seymour, B. D. Mason, W. I. Hartkopf, and G. L. Wycoff, Binary Star Orbits. II. Preliminary First Orbits for 117 Systems, The Astronomical Journal, vol.123, issue.2, p.1023, 2002.
DOI : 10.1086/338441

M. Stephens, The Testing of Unit Vectors for Randomness, Journal of the American Statistical Association, vol.7, issue.305, p.160, 1964.
DOI : 10.1080/14786440408635894

M. F. Sterzik and A. A. Tokovinin, Relative orientation of orbits in triple stars, Astronomy and Astrophysics, vol.384, issue.3, p.1030, 2002.
DOI : 10.1051/0004-6361:20020105

K. A. Strand, The orbit of eta Cas., The Astronomical Journal, vol.74, p.760, 1969.
DOI : 10.1086/110853

K. A. Strand, T. Ten-brummelaar, B. D. Mason, and H. A. Mcalister, Triple System stein 2051 (G 175-34)., The Astronomical Journal, vol.82, issue.119, pp.745-2403, 1977.
DOI : 10.1086/112119

A. Tokovinin, Comparative statistics and origin of triple and quadruple stars, Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, vol.389, issue.2, p.925, 2008.
DOI : 10.1111/j.1365-2966.2008.13613.x

A. A. Tokovinin and M. G. Smekhov, Statistics of spectroscopic sub-systems in visual multiple stars, Astronomy and Astrophysics, vol.382, issue.1, p.118, 2002.
DOI : 10.1051/0004-6361:20011586

G. Upton and B. Fingleton, Spatial Data Analysis by Example, 1989.

G. Watson, A TEST FOR RANDOMNESS OF DIRECTIONS, Geophysical Journal International, vol.7, p.160, 1956.
DOI : 10.1111/j.1365-246X.1956.tb05561.x

G. Watson, The Statistics of Orientation Data, The Journal of Geology, vol.74, issue.5, Part 2, p.786, 1966.
DOI : 10.1086/627211

R. Woolley, The Observatory, p.203, 1961.