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XMM-Newton and Chandra X-ray follow-up observations of the VHE gamma-ray source HESS J1507-622

Abstract : Context. The discovery of the unique source HESS J1507-622 in the very high energy (VHE) range (100 GeV−100 TeV) opened new possibilities to study the parent population of ultra-relativistic particles found in astrophysical sources and underlined the possibility of new scenarios/mechanisms crucial for understanding the underlying astrophysical processes in nonthermal sources.Aims. The follow-up X-ray (0.2−10 keV) observations on HESS J1507-622 are reported, and possibilities regarding the nature of the VHE source and that of the newly discovered X-ray sources are investigated.Methods. We obtained observations with the X-ray satellites XMM-Newton and Chandra. Background corrections were applied to the data to search for extended diffuse emission. Since HESS J1507-622 covers a large part of the field of view of these instruments, blank-sky background fields were used. Results. The discovery of several new X-ray sources and a new, faint, extended X-ray source with a flux of ~ 6 × 10-14ergcm-2s-1 is reported. Interestingly, a new, variable point-like X-ray source with a flux of ~ 8 × 10-14ergcm-2s-1 appeared in the 2011 observation, which was not detected in the previous X-ray observations.Conclusions. The X-ray observations revealed a faint, extended X-ray source that may be a possible counterpart for HESS J1507-622. This source could be an X-ray pulsar wind nebula (PWN) remnant of the larger gamma-ray PWN, which is still bright in IC emission. Several interpretations are proposed to explain the newly detected variable X-ray source.
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O. Tibolla, S. Kaufmann, K. Kosack. XMM-Newton and Chandra X-ray follow-up observations of the VHE gamma-ray source HESS J1507-622. Astronomy and Astrophysics - A&A, EDP Sciences, 2014, 567, pp.A74. ⟨10.1051/0004-6361/201321778⟩. ⟨cea-01271024⟩

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