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The hard-core model on random graphs revisited

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Abstract

We revisit the classical hard-core model, also known as independent set and dual to vertex cover problem, where one puts particles with a first-neighbor hard-core repulsion on the vertices of a random graph. Although the case of random graphs with small and very large average degrees respectively are quite well understood, they yield qualitatively different results and our aim here is to reconciliate these two cases. We revisit results that can be obtained using the (heuristic) cavity method and show that it provides a closed-form conjecture for the exact density of the densest packing on random regular graphs with degree K>=20, and that for K>16 the nature of the phase transition is the same as for large K. This also shows that the hard-code model is the simplest mean-field lattice model for structural glasses and jamming.

Dates and versions

cea-01223444 , version 1 (02-11-2015)

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Jean Barbier, Florent Krzakala, Lenka Zdeborová, Pan Zhang. The hard-core model on random graphs revisited. 2015. ⟨cea-01223444⟩
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