Microstructure of Powellite-Rich Glass-Ceramics: A Model System for High Level Waste Immobilization

Abstract : In this study, we synthesized glass-ceramics from glasses in the system SiO 2-B 2 O 3-Na 2 O-CaO-Al 2 O 3-MoO 3-Gd 2 O 3 by various heat treatments. Glass-ceramics contain only one crystalline phase in the bulk: powellite (namely CaMoO 4). The influence of molybdenum and rare earth contents was studied by SEM and XRD. Heat treatments were optimized to lead to a wide range in size and concentration of powellite. Moreover, the molybdenum content left in residual glasses, calculated by XRD quantification, showed that the residual glasses have a similar composition for a given Gd 2 O 3 content after heat treatments. This work has permitted to synthesize two phase glass-ceramics with constant borosilicate glass matrices and powellite crystals with controlled sizes and concentrations.
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T Taurines, B Boizot. Microstructure of Powellite-Rich Glass-Ceramics: A Model System for High Level Waste Immobilization. Journal of the American Ceramic Society, Wiley, 2012, pp.1-7. ⟨10.1111/j.1551-2916.2011.05015.x⟩. ⟨cea-01120954⟩

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