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Antiprotons from Dark Matter: current constraints and future sensitivities

Abstract : We systematically analyze the impact of current and foreseen cosmic ray antiproton measurements on the properties of Dark Matter (DM). We find that: 1) The current data from PAMELA impose constraints on annihilating and decaying DM which are similar to (or even slightly stronger than) the most stringent bounds coming from Fermi gamma rays, for hadronic channels and with fiducial choices for the astrophysical parameters. 2) The upcoming data from AMS-02 have the power to improve these constraints by slightly less than one order of magnitude and even to probe the thermal relic DM in the range 30-200 GeV, for hadronic channels. However, with wider choices for the astrophysical parameters the uncertainty on the constraints spans between one and two orders of magnitude. We then explore the capabilities of early AMS-02, data to reconstruct the underlying DM properties in the case of a positive detection of a significant excess (attributed to DM annihilations) over the background. For hadronic channels, we find that AMS-02 should be able to somewhat determine the DM mass and the cross-section, but not the specific annihilation channel nor the branching ratios. If other more exotic annihilation channels are allowed, the reconstruction will be more challenging.
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https://hal-cea.archives-ouvertes.fr/cea-01073623
Contributor : Bruno Savelli <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, April 14, 2021 - 4:12:49 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, April 14, 2021 - 4:38:09 PM

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Marco Cirelli, Gaëlle Giesen. Antiprotons from Dark Matter: current constraints and future sensitivities. Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics, Institute of Physics (IOP), 2013, 04, pp.015. ⟨10.1088/1475-7516/2013/04/015⟩. ⟨cea-01073623⟩

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