A susceptibility locus for lung cancer maps to nicotinic acetylcholine receptor subunit genes on 15q25 - CEA - Commissariat à l’énergie atomique et aux énergies alternatives Access content directly
Journal Articles Nature Year : 2008

A susceptibility locus for lung cancer maps to nicotinic acetylcholine receptor subunit genes on 15q25

1 School of Public Health
2 CIRC - IARC - Centre International de Recherche contre le Cancer - International Agency for Research on Cancer
3 Institute of Carcinogenesis
4 Institute of Carcinogenesis
5 Department of Epidemiology
6 The M Sklodowska-Curie Cancer Center
7 National Institute of Environment Health
8 Specialized Institute of Hygiene and Epidemiology
9 Institute of Public Health
10 Institute of Hygiene and Epidemiology
11 MMCI - Masaryk Memorial Cancer Institute
12 Department of Preventive Medicine [Univ Palacký]
13 FHCRC - Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center [Seattle]
14 Roy Castle Lung Cancer Research Programme
15 Roy Castle Lung Cancer Research Programme
16 Cancer Care Ontario
17 Princess Margaret Hospital
18 Women's College Research Institute
19 NTNU - Norwegian University of Science and Technology [Trondheim]
20 Division of Cancer Epidemiology
21 E3N - Nutrition, hormones et cancer: épidémiologie et prévention
22 Department of Epidemiology and Public Health
23 Centre for Nutrition and Health (CVG)
24 Institute of Community Medicine
25 Andalusian School of Public Health [Granada]
26 MRC Centrer for Nutritional Epidemiology and Cancer Prevention and Survival
27 Department of Radiation Sciences, Oncology
28 Bremen Institute for Prevention Research and Social Medicine
29 INSERM U794
30 GC (FRE2939) - Génomes et cancer
31 Department of Hygiene, Epidemiology and Medical Statistics
32 Department of Epidemiology
33 Cancer Epidemiology Unit
34 Cancer registry of Norway
35 Institut Català d'Oncologia
36 University of Aberdeen
37 Aviano cancer center
38 Department of Environmental Medicine and Public Health
39 University of Newcastle Dental School
40 University of Glasgow Dental School
41 Croatian National Cancer Registry
42 Trinity College School of Dental Science
43 CNG - Centre National de Génotypage
44 CEPH - Centre d'Etude du Polymorphisme Humain
Elio Riboli
Antonio Agudo
Anne Boland
Marc Délépine
  • Function : Author
  • PersonId : 919144
Fumihiko Matsuda


Lung cancer is the most common cause of cancer death worldwide, with over one million cases annually1. To identify genetic factors that modify disease risk, we conducted a genome-wide association study by analysing 317,139 single-nucleotide polymorphisms in 1,989 lung cancer cases and 2,625 controls from six central European countries. We identified a locus in chromosome region 15q25 that was strongly associated with lung cancer (P = 9 × 10$^{-10}$). This locus was replicated in five separate lung cancer studies comprising an additional 2,513 lung cancer cases and 4,752 controls (P = 5 × 10$^{-20}$ overall), and it was found to account for 14% (attributable risk) of lung cancer cases. Statistically similar risks were observed irrespective of smoking status or propensity to smoke tobacco. The association region contains several genes, including three that encode nicotinic acetylcholine receptor subunits (CHRNA5, CHRNA3 and CHRNB4). Such subunits are expressed in neurons and other tissues, in particular alveolar epithelial cells, pulmonary neuroendocrine cells and lung cancer cell lines, and they bind to N′-nitrosonornicotine and potential lung carcinogens. A non-synonymous variant of CHRNA5 that induces an amino acid substitution (D398N) at a highly conserved site in the second intracellular loop of the protein is among the markers with the strongest disease associations. Our results provide compelling evidence of a locus at 15q25 predisposing to lung cancer, and reinforce interest in nicotinic acetylcholine receptors as potential disease candidates and chemopreventative targets


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cea-00944415 , version 1 (01-02-2021)



Rayjean J. Hung, James D. Mckay, Valerie Gaborieau, Paolo Boffetta, Mia Hashibe, et al.. A susceptibility locus for lung cancer maps to nicotinic acetylcholine receptor subunit genes on 15q25. Nature, 2008, 452 (7187), pp.633-637. ⟨10.1038/nature06885⟩. ⟨cea-00944415⟩
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