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Journal Articles Nature Year : 2008

Unusual magnetic order in the pseudogap region of the superconductor HgBa2CuO4+delta

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Abstract

The pseudogap region of the phase diagram is an important unsolved puzzle in the field of high-transition-temperature (high-Tc) superconductivity, characterized by anomalous physical properties. There are open questions about the number of distinct phases and the possible presence of a quantum-critical point underneath the superconducting dome. The picture has remained unclear because there has not been conclusive evidence for a new type of order. Neutron scattering measurements for YBa2Cu3O6+delta (YBCO) resulted in contradictory claims of no6, 7 and weak8, 9 magnetic order, and the interpretation of muon spin relaxation measurements on YBCO10, 11 and of circularly polarized photoemission experiments on Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+delta, has been controversial. Here we use polarized neutron diffraction to demonstrate for the model superconductor HgBa2CuO4+delta (Hg1201) that the characteristic temperature T* marks the onset of an unusual magnetic order. Together with recent results for YBCO, this observation constitutes a demonstration of the universal existence of such a state. The findings appear to rule out theories that regard T* as a crossover temperature rather than a phase transition temperature. Instead, they are consistent with a variant of previously proposed charge-current-loop order, that involves apical oxygen orbitals, and with the notion that many of the unusual properties arise from the presence of a quantum-critical point

Dates and versions

cea-00910739 , version 1 (28-11-2013)

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Cite

Y. Li, V. Balédent, N. Barisic, Y. Cho, B. Fauqué, et al.. Unusual magnetic order in the pseudogap region of the superconductor HgBa2CuO4+delta. Nature, 2008, 455 (7211), pp.372-375. ⟨10.1038/nature07251⟩. ⟨cea-00910739⟩
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