J. N. Galloway, Transformation of the nitrogen cycle: recent trends, questions, and potential solutions, Science, vol.320, pp.889-892, 2008.

P. L. Bodelier and H. J. Laanbroek, Nitrogen as a regulatory factor of methane oxidation in soils and sediments, FEMS Microbiol. Ecol, vol.47, pp.265-277, 2004.

A. A. Raghoebarsing, A microbial consortium couples anaerobic methane oxidation to denitrification, Nature, vol.440, pp.918-921, 2006.

K. F. Ettwig, T. Van-alen, K. T. Van-de-pas-schoonen, M. S. Jetten, and M. Strous, Enrichment and molecular detection of denitrifying methanotrophic bacteria of the NC10 phylum, Appl. Environ. Microbiol, vol.75, pp.3656-3662, 2009.

S. Hu, Enrichment of denitrifying anaerobic methane oxidizing microorganisms, Envir. Microbiol. Rep, vol.1, pp.377-384, 2009.

M. S. Rappé and S. J. Giovannoni, The uncultured microbial majority, Annu. Rev. Microbiol, vol.57, pp.369-394, 2003.

R. K. Thauer and S. Shima, Methane as fuel for anaerobic microorganisms, Ann. NY Acad. Sci, vol.1125, pp.158-170, 2008.

Y. A. Trotsenko and J. C. Murrell, Metabolic aspects of aerobic obligate methanotrophy, Adv. Appl. Microbiol, vol.63, pp.183-229, 2008.

M. Krüger, A conspicuous nickel protein in microbial mats that oxidize methane anaerobically, Nature, vol.426, pp.878-881, 2003.

K. Knittel and A. Boetius, Anaerobic oxidation of methane: progress with an unknown process, Annu. Rev. Microbiol, vol.63, pp.311-334, 2009.

K. F. Ettwig, Denitrifying bacteria anaerobically oxidize methane in the absence of Archaea, Environ. Microbiol, vol.10, pp.3164-3173, 2008.

P. Wilmes, S. L. Simmons, V. J. Denef, and J. F. Banfield, The dynamic genetic repertoire of microbial communities, FEMS Microbiol. Rev, vol.33, pp.109-132, 2009.

R. A. Farrer, E. Kemen, J. D. Jones, and D. J. Studholme, De novo assembly of the Pseudomonas syringae pv. syringae B728a genome using Illumina/Solexa short sequence reads, FEMS Microbiol. Lett, vol.291, pp.103-111, 2009.

B. E. Dutilh, M. A. Huynen, and M. Strous, Increasing the coverage of a metapopulation consensus genome by iterative read mapping and assembly, Bioinformatics, vol.25, pp.2878-2881, 2009.

W. G. Zumft, Cell biology and molecular basis of denitrification. Microbiol, Mol. Biol. Rev, vol.61, pp.533-616, 1997.

J. Heider, Adding handles to unhandy substrates: anaerobic hydrocarbon activation mechanisms, Curr. Opin. Chem. Biol, vol.11, pp.188-194, 2007.

L. Chistoserdova, M. G. Kalyuzhnaya, and M. E. Lidstrom, C1-transfer modules: from genomics to ecology, ASM News, vol.71, pp.521-528, 2005.

C. S. Howard and F. Daniels, Stability of nitric oxide over a long time interval, J. Phys. Chem, vol.62, pp.360-361, 1958.

V. I. Parvulescu, P. Grange, and B. Delmon, Catalytic removal of NO, Catal. Today, vol.46, pp.233-316, 1998.

C. G. Van-ginkel, G. B. Rikken, A. G. Kroon, and S. W. Kengen, Purification and characterization of chlorite dismutase: a novel oxygen-generating enzyme, Arch. Microbiol, vol.166, pp.321-326, 1996.

E. Bab-dinitz, H. Shmuely, J. Maupin-furlow, J. Eichler, and B. Shaanan, Haloferax volcanii PitA: an example of functional interaction between the Pfam chlorite dismutase and antibiotic biosynthesis monooxygenase families?, Bioinformatics, vol.22, pp.671-675, 2006.

W. G. Zumft, Nitric oxide reductases of prokaryotes with emphasis on the respiratory, heme-copper oxidase type, J. Inorg. Biochem, vol.99, pp.194-215, 2005.

W. G. Zumft, P. M. Kroneck, and . In, Advances in Microbial Physiology, vol.52, pp.107-227, 2007.

S. D. Prior and H. Dalton, Acetylene as a suicide substrate and active-site probe for methane monooxygenase from Methylococcus capsulatus (Bath), FEMS Microbiol. Lett, vol.29, pp.105-109, 1985.

D. M. Kool, N. Wrage, O. Oenema, J. Dolfing, and J. W. Van-groenigen, Oxygen exchange between (de)nitrification intermediates and H 2 O and its implications for source determination of NO 3 2 and N 2 O: a review, Rapid Commun. Mass Spectrom, vol.21, pp.3569-3578, 2007.

V. Demicheli, C. Quijano, B. Alvarez, and R. Radi, Inactivation and nitration of human superoxide dismutase (SOD) by fluxes of nitric oxide and superoxide. Free Radic, Biol. Med, vol.42, pp.1359-1368, 2007.

M. B. Allen and C. B. Van-niel, Experiments on bacterial denitrification, J. Bacteriol, vol.64, pp.397-412, 1952.

E. Broda, The history of inorganic nitrogen in the biosphere, J. Mol. Evol, vol.7, pp.87-100, 1975.

T. Fenchel, Origin and Early Evolution of Life, 2002.

J. Castresana, Respiration in Archaea and Bacteria: Diversity of Prokaryotic Electron Transport Carriers, vol.15, pp.1-14, 2004.

A. L. Ducluzeau, Was nitric oxide the first deep electron sink?, Trends Biochem. Sci, vol.34, pp.9-15, 2009.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00680459

D. J. Chapman and J. W. Schopf, Biological and Biochemical Effects of the Development of an Aerobic Environment, 1983.

H. D. Holland, The oxygenation of the atmosphere and oceans, Phil. Trans. R. Soc. B, vol.361, pp.903-915, 2006.

A. A. Pavlov, J. F. Kasting, L. L. Brown, K. A. Rages, and R. Freedman, Greenhouse warming by CH 4 in the atmosphere of early Earth, J. Geophys. Res. Planets, vol.105, pp.11981-11990, 2000.

J. Hayes, Earth's Earliest Biosphere, pp.291-301, 1983.

J. Zhou, M. A. Bruns, and J. M. Tiedje, DNA recovery from soils of diverse composition, Appl. Environ. Microbiol, vol.62, pp.316-322, 1996.

M. Margulies, Genome sequencing in microfabricated high-density picolitre reactors, Nature, vol.437, pp.376-380, 2005.

D. Vallenet, MaGe: a microbial genome annotation system supported by synteny results, Nucleic Acids Res, vol.34, pp.53-65, 2006.

M. Wilm, Femtomole sequencing of proteins from polyacrylamide gels by nano-electrospray mass spectrometry, Nature, vol.379, pp.466-469, 1996.

K. Andersen, T. Kjaer, and N. P. Revsbech, An oxygen insensitive microsensor for nitrous oxide, Sens. Actuators B Chem, vol.81, pp.42-48, 2001.

N. P. Revsbech, An oxygen microsensor with a guard cathode, Limnol. Oceanogr, vol.34, pp.474-478, 1989.

F. Schreiber, L. Polerecky, and D. De-beer, Nitric oxide microsensor for high spatial resolution measurements in biofilms and sediments, Anal. Chem, vol.80, pp.1152-1158, 2008.

D. Gordon, C. Abajian, and P. Green, Consed: a graphical tool for sequence finishing, Genome Res, vol.8, pp.195-202, 1998.

A. S. Hakemian and A. C. Rosenzweig, The biochemistry of methane oxidation, Annu. Rev. Biochem, vol.76, pp.223-241, 2007.

K. Stoecker, Cohn's Crenothrix is a filamentous methane oxidizer with an unusual methane monooxygenase, Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA, vol.103, pp.2363-2367, 2006.

J. Rappsilber, Y. Ishihama, and M. Mann, Stop and go extraction tips for matrixassisted laser desorption/ionization, nanoelectrospray, and LC/MS sample pretreatment in proteomics, Anal. Chem, vol.75, pp.663-670, 2003.

Y. Ishihama, J. Rappsilber, J. S. Andersen, and M. Mann, Microcolumns with self-assembled particle frits for proteomics, J. Chromatogr. A, vol.979, pp.233-239, 2002.

D. B. Weatherly, A heuristic method for assigning a false-discovery rate for protein identifications from Mascot database search results, Mol. Cell. Proteomics, vol.4, pp.762-772, 2005.

A. A. Raghoebarsing, New Directions in Microbial Methane Oxidation, 2006.

S. H. Friedman, W. Massefski, and T. C. Hollocher, Catalysis of intermolecular oxygen atom transfer by nitrite dehydrogenase of Nitrobacter agilis, J. Biol. Chem, vol.261, pp.538-543, 1986.

M. R. Mcilvin and M. A. Altabet, Chemical conversion of nitrate and nitrite to nitrous oxide for nitrogen and oxygen isotopic analysis in freshwater and seawater, Anal. Chem, vol.77, pp.5589-5595, 2005.