The Early Early Type: Discovery of a Passive Galaxy at $_{Zspec}$ $\sim$ 3 - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles The Astrophysical journal letters Year : 2012

## The Early Early Type: Discovery of a Passive Galaxy at $_{Zspec}$ $\sim$ 3

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R. Gobat
• Function : Author
V. Strazzullo
• Function : Author
• Function : Author
• PersonId : 837613
M. Onodera
• Function : Author
A. Renzini
• Function : Author
M. Béthermin
M. Dickinson
M. Carollo
• Function : Author
Alessandro Cimatti
• Function : Author

#### Abstract

We present the discovery of a massive, quiescent galaxy at $z$ = 2.99. We have obtained an $Hubble\ Space\ Telescope$ WFC3 spectrum of this object and measured its redshift from the detection of a deep 4000 $\mathring{A}$ break consistent with an old population and a high metallicity. By stellar population modeling of both its grism spectrum and broadband photometry, we derive an age of $\sim$0.7 Gyr, implying a formation redshift of $z$ > 4, and a mass >10$^{11}$ $M \odot$. Although this passive galaxy is the most distant confirmed so far, we find that it is slightly less compact than other $z$ > 2 early types of similar mass, being overall more analogous to those $z$ $\sim$ 1.6 field early-type galaxies. The discovery of this object shows that early-type galaxies are detectable to at least $z$ = 3 and suggests that the diversity of structural properties found in $z$ = 1.4-2 ellipticals to earlier epochs could have its origin in a variety of formation histories among their progenitors.

#### Domains

Sciences of the Universe [physics]

### Dates and versions

cea-00832191 , version 1 (24-09-2019)

### Identifiers

• HAL Id : cea-00832191 , version 1
• DOI :

### Cite

R. Gobat, V. Strazzullo, Emanuele Daddi, M. Onodera, A. Renzini, et al.. The Early Early Type: Discovery of a Passive Galaxy at $_{Zspec}$ $\sim$ 3. The Astrophysical journal letters, 2012, 759 (2), pp.L44. ⟨10.1088/2041-8205/759/2/L44⟩. ⟨cea-00832191⟩

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