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Journal Articles The Astrophysical Journal Year : 2011

Modeling the Dynamical Coupling of Solar Convection With the Radiative Interior

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Abstract

The global dynamics of a rotating star like the Sun involves the coupling of a highly turbulent convective envelope overlying a seemingly benign radiative interior. We use the anelastic spherical harmonic code to develop a new class of three-dimensional models that nonlinearly couple the convective envelope to a deep stable radiative interior. The numerical simulation assumes a realistic solar stratification from r = 0.07 up to 0.97R (with R the solar radius), thus encompassing part of the nuclear core up through most of the convection zone. We find that a tachocline naturally establishes itself between the differentially rotating convective envelope and the solid body rotation of the interior, with a slow spreading that is here diffusively controlled. The rapid angular momentum redistribution in the convective envelope leads to a fast equator and slow poles, with a conical differential rotation achieved at mid-latitudes, much as has been deduced by helioseismology. The convective motions are able to overshoot downward about 0.04R into the radiative interior. However, the convective meridional circulation there is confined to a smaller penetration depth and is directed mostly equatorward at the base of the convection zone. Thermal wind balance is established in the lower convection zone and tachocline but departures are evident in the upper convection zone. Internal gravity waves are excited by the convective overshooting, yielding a complex wave field throughout the radiative interior.

Dates and versions

cea-00828254 , version 1 (30-05-2013)

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A.S. Brun, Mark S. Miesch, Juri Toomre. Modeling the Dynamical Coupling of Solar Convection With the Radiative Interior. The Astrophysical Journal, 2011, 742 (2), pp.79. ⟨10.1088/0004-637X/762/2/73⟩. ⟨cea-00828254⟩
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