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Effects of turbulent pumping on stellar activity cycles

Abstract : Stellar magnetic activity of solar like stars is thought to be due to an internal dynamo. While the Sun has been the subject of intense research for refining dynamo models, observations of magnetic cyclic activity in solar type stars have become more and more available, opening a new path to understand the underlying physics behind stellar cycles. For instance, it is key to understand how stellar rotation rate influences magnetic cycle period $P_{cyc}$. Recent numerical simulations of advection-dominated Babcock Leighton models have demonstrated that it is difficult to explain this observed trend given a) the strong influence of the cycle period to the meridional circulation amplitude and b) the fact that 3D models indicate that meridional flows become weaker as the rotation rate increases. In this paper, we introduce the turbulent pumping mechanism as another advective process capable also of transporting the magnetic fields. We found that this model is now able to reproduce the observations under the assumption that this effect increases as $\Omega ^2$. The turbulent pumping becomes indeed another major player able to circumvent the meridional circulation. However, for high rotation rates ($\Omega \simeq 5Ω_\odot$), its effects dominate those of the meridional circulation, entering a new class of regime dominated by the advection of turbulent pumping and thus leading to a cyclic activity qualitatively different from that of the sun.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, January 6, 2021 - 2:58:07 PM
Last modification on : Friday, January 8, 2021 - 3:27:14 AM
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O. Do Cao, A.S. Brun. Effects of turbulent pumping on stellar activity cycles. Astronomical Notes / Astronomische Nachrichten, Wiley-VCH Verlag, 2011, 332 (9-10), pp.907-917. ⟨10.1002/asna.201111623⟩. ⟨cea-00828199⟩

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