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Solar Magnetic Field Reversals and the Role of Dynamo Families

Abstract : The variable magnetic field of the solar photosphere exhibits periodic reversals as a result of dynamo activity occurring within the solar interior. We decompose the surface field as observed by both the Wilcox Solar Observatory and the Michelson Doppler Imager into its harmonic constituents, and present the time evolution of the mode coefficients for the past three sunspot cycles. The interplay between the various modes is then interpreted from the perspective of general dynamo theory, where the coupling between the primary and secondary families of modes is found to correlate with large-scale polarity reversals for many examples of cyclic dynamos. Mean-field dynamos based on the solar parameter regime are then used to explore how such couplings may result in the various long-term trends in the surface magnetic field observed to occur in the solar case.
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https://hal-cea.archives-ouvertes.fr/cea-00827742
Contributor : Bruno Savelli <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, May 29, 2013 - 4:21:15 PM
Last modification on : Saturday, April 11, 2020 - 2:17:38 AM

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M. L. Derosa, A.S. Brun, J. T. Hoeksema. Solar Magnetic Field Reversals and the Role of Dynamo Families. The Astrophysical Journal, American Astronomical Society, 2013, 757 (1), pp.96. ⟨10.1088/0004-637X/757/1/96⟩. ⟨cea-00827742⟩

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