Skip to Main content Skip to Navigation
Journal articles

Phototransformation of the insecticide fipronil: Identification of novel photoproducts and evidence for an alternative pathway of photodegradation

Abstract : Fipronil is a recently discovered insecticide of the phenylpyrazole series. It has a highly selective biochemical mode of action, which has led to its use in a large number of important agronomical, household, and veterinary applications. Previous studies have shown that, during exposure to light, fipronil is converted into a desulfurated derivative (desulfinyl-fipronil), which has slightly reduced insecticidal activity. In this study, the photodegradation of fipronil was studied in solution at low light intensities (sunlight or UV lamp). In addition to desulfinyl-fipronil, a large number of minor photoproducts were observed, including diversely substituted phenylpyrazole derivatives and aniline derivatives that had lost the pyrazole ring. Desulfinyl-fipronil itself was shown to be relatively stable under both UV light and sunlight, with only limited changes occurring in the substitution of the aromatic ring. Since this compound accumulated to levels corresponding to only 30-55% of the amount of fipronil degraded, it was concluded that one or more alternative pathways of photodegradation must be operating. On the basis of the structurally identified photoproducts, it is proposed that fipronil photodegradation occurs via at least two distinct pathways, one of which involves desulfuration at the 4-position of the pyrazole ring giving the desulfinyl derivative and the other of which involves a different modification of the 4-substituent, leading to cleavage of the pyrazole ring and the formation of aniline derivatives. The latter compounds do not accumulate to high levels and may, therefore, be degraded further. The ecological significance of these results is discussed, particularly with regard to the insecticidal activity of the photoproducts.
Complete list of metadata

https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/halsde-00317774
Contributor : Kim Pla Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Wednesday, September 3, 2008 - 4:31:18 PM
Last modification on : Saturday, February 12, 2022 - 3:25:16 AM

Links full text

Identifiers

Collections

Citation

M. Raveton, A. Aajoud, J. C. Willison, H. Aouadi, M. Tissut, et al.. Phototransformation of the insecticide fipronil: Identification of novel photoproducts and evidence for an alternative pathway of photodegradation. Environmental Science and Technology, American Chemical Society, 2006, 40 (13), pp.4151-4157. ⟨10.1021/es0523946⟩. ⟨halsde-00317774⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

217