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Expression of HLA-G in human cornea, an immune-privileged tissue.

Abstract : Human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-G retains the capacity to modulate immune responses, favoring the establishment of tolerance in solid-tissue allotransplants. To better understand the mechanisms that promote corneal allograft survival, we investigated whether HLA-G was an immunoregulatory factor involved in corneal immunology. We therefore sought HLA-G expression in corneal tissues. Corneal transplantation consists in replacing the center of a diseased cornea with normal corneal tissue. Two corneal parts are not used in such surgery: diseased central corneal tissue and peripheral normal cornea. For this study, we used healthy corneas obtained from deceased donors and diseased corneas obtained from patients with pseudophakic bullous keratopathy or keratoconus who had undergone corneal transplantation. Immunohistochemical analysis carried out on the cryopreserved corneas showed a positive immunohistochemical staining with anti-HLA-G, anti-HLA-A, -B, and -C, and anti-HLA class I monoclonal antibodies. Staining was obtained for keratocytes, epithelial cells, and endothelial cells from both healthy and pathologic human corneas, revealing the presence of HLA class I proteins, including HLA-G. HLA-G transcripts were detected in normal cornea by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction with a classical pattern of alternative splicing. The detection of HLA-G protein in adult corneas leads to the conclusion that this protein may contribute to the maintenance of the privileged immune status of cornea.
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Contributor : Magali Le Discorde <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, April 15, 2008 - 9:18:08 AM
Last modification on : Friday, March 27, 2020 - 2:25:52 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Thursday, May 20, 2010 - 11:18:23 PM

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  • PUBMED : 14602233

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Magali Le Discorde, Philippe Moreau, Patrick Sabatier, Jean-Marc Legeais, Edgardo D Carosella. Expression of HLA-G in human cornea, an immune-privileged tissue.. Human Immunology, Elsevier, 2003, 64 (11), pp.1039-44. ⟨cea-00273197⟩

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