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Spin-VCSELs with local optical anisotropies: toward terahertz polarization modulation

Abstract : We present a semi-classical model for spin-injected vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers (spin-VCSELs) with local optical anisotropies. Particular focus is put on highly-anisotropic spin-lasers with broad application potential. A generalized matrix formalism for extraction of the laser modes is introduced, which enables to calculate spatial distribution of vectorial modes in arbitrary spin-VCSELs. Time-dependence of such laser modes is further studied using the generalized coupled mode theory (CMT). It is the natural anisotropic generalization of the conventional modedecomposition approach. We use the circularly-polarized optical modes as the basis for CMT, which leads to extension of the well-known spin-flip model (SFM). In contrary to conventional SFM, the only input parameters are the geometric and local optical properties of the multilayer structure and properties of the gain media. The advantages of the theory are demonstrated on design and optimization of spin-VCSEL structure with high-contrast grating. We show that the proposed structures can be used for i) polarization modulation in THz range with tremendous applications for future ultrafast optical communication and ii) as perspective compact THz sources.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03320871
Contributor : Henri Jaffres Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Monday, August 16, 2021 - 3:47:34 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, August 18, 2021 - 3:26:41 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Wednesday, November 17, 2021 - 6:30:46 PM

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M. Drong, T. Fördös, H.Y. Jaffrès, P. Ciompa, J. Peřina, et al.. Spin-VCSELs with local optical anisotropies: toward terahertz polarization modulation. Physical Review Applied, American Physical Society, 2020, 15 (1), ⟨10.1103/PhysRevApplied.15.014041⟩. ⟨hal-03320871⟩

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