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The SuperCam Instrument Suite on the Mars 2020 Rover: Science Objectives and Mast-Unit Description

Sylvestre Maurice 1 R. Wiens 2 P. Bernardi 3 P. Caïs 4 S. Robinson 2 T. Nelson 2 O. Gasnault 1 J.-M. Reess 3 M. Deleuze 5 F. Rull 6 J.-A. Manrique 6 Sadok Abbaki 7 R. Anderson 8 Y. André 5 S. Angel 9 G. Arana 10 T. Battault 5 P. Beck 11 K. Benzerara 12 Sylvain Bernard 12 J.-P. Berthias 5 O. Beyssac 12 M. Bonafous 3 B. Bousquet 13 M. Boutillier 5 A. Cadu 14 K. Castro 10 F. Chapron 3 B. Chide 14, 1 K. Clark 15 E. Clavé 13 S. Clegg 1 E. Cloutis 16 C. Collin 3 E. Cordoba 15 A. Cousin 1 J.-C. Dameury 5 W. D’anna 4 Y. Daydou 1 A. Debus 5 L. Deflores 15 E. Dehouck 17 D. Delapp 2 G. de los Santos 15 C. Donny 5 A. Doressoundiram 3 G. Dromart 17 B. Dubois 18 A. Dufour 5 M. Dupieux 1 M. Egan 19 J. Ervin 15 C. Fabre 20 A. Fau 12 W. Fischer 21 O. Forni 1 T. Fouchet 3 J. Frydenvang 22 S. Gauffre 4 Michel Gauthier 12 V. Gharakanian 15 O. Gilard 5 I. Gontijo 15 R. Gonzalez 5 D. Granena 5 J. Grotzinger 21 Rafik Hassen-Khodja 7 M. Heim 5 Y. Hello 3 G. Hervet 5 Olivier Humeau 7 X. Jacob 23 S. Jacquinod 3 J. R. Johnson 24 D. Kouach 18 Gaetan Lacombe 25 N. Lanza 2 Laurent Lapauw 7 J. Laserna 26 Jérémie Lasue 1 L. Le Deit 27 S. Le Mouélic 27 E. Le Comte 1 Q.-M. Lee 1 C. Legett 2 R. Leveille 28 E. Lewin 29 C. Leyrat 3 G. Lopez-Reyes 6 R. Lorenz 24 B. Lucero 2 J. Madariaga 10 S. Madsen 15 M. Madsen 22 N. Mangold 27 F. Manni 5 Jean-François Mariscal 7 J. Martinez-Frias 30 K. Mathieu 5 R. Mathon 1 K. P. Mccabe 2 T. Mcconnochie 31 S. M. Mclennan 32 J. Mekki 5 N. Melikechi 33 P.-Y. Meslin 1 Y. Micheau 18 Y. Michel 5 J. M. Michel 2 D. Mimoun 14 A. Misra 19 G. Montagnac 17 Christophe Montaron 7 Franck Montmessin 25 J. Moros 26 V. Mousset 5 Y. Morizet 34 N. Murdoch 14 R. T. Newell 2 H. Newsom 35 N. Nguyen Tuong 3 A. M. Ollila 2 G. Orttner 1 L. Oudda 5 L. Pares 1 J. Parisot 3 Y. Parot 1 R. Pérez 5 D. Pheav 5 L. Picot 5 P. Pilleri 1 C. Pilorget 36 P. Pinet 1 G. Pont 5 F. Poulet 36 C. Quantin-Nataf 17 B. Quertier 4 D. Rambaud 1 W. Rapin 12 P. Romano 15 L. Roucayrol 5 C. Royer 36 M. Ruellan 5 B. F. Sandoval 2 V. Sautter 12 M. J. Schoppers 15 S. Schröder 37 H.-C. Seran 1 S. K. Sharma 19 P. Sobron 38 M. Sodki 5 A. Sournac 14 V. Sridhar 15 D. Standarovsky 5 S. Storms 2 N. Striebig 18 M. Tatat 5 M. Toplis 1 I. Torre-Fdez 10 N. Toulemont 5 C. Velasco 5 M. Veneranda 6 D. Venhaus 2 C. Virmontois 5 M. Viso 5 P. Willis 15 K. W. Wong 1
25 PLANETO - LATMOS
LATMOS - Laboratoire Atmosphères, Milieux, Observations Spatiales
34 LPG-ANGERS - Laboratoire de Planétologie et Géodynamique - Angers
LPG - Laboratoire de Planétologie et Géodynamique [UMR 6112]
Abstract : On the NASA 2020 rover mission to Jezero crater, the remote determination of the texture, mineralogy and chemistry of rocks is essential to quickly and thoroughly characterize an area and to optimize the selection of samples for return to Earth. As part of the Perseverance payload, SuperCam is a suite of five techniques that provide critical and complementary observations via Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS), Time-Resolved Raman and Luminescence (TRR/L), visible and near-infrared spectroscopy (VISIR), highresolution color imaging (RMI), and acoustic recording (MIC). SuperCam operates at remote distances, primarily 2–7 m, while providing data at sub-mm to mm scales. We report on SuperCam’s science objectives in the context of the Mars 2020 mission goals and ways the different techniques can address these questions. The instrument is made up of three separate subsystems: the Mast Unit is designed and built in France; the Body Unit is provided by the United States; the calibration target holder is contributed by Spain, and the targets themselves by the entire science team. This publication focuses on the design, development, and tests of the Mast Unit; companion papers describe the other units. The goal of this work is to provide an understanding of the technical choices made, the constraints that were imposed, and ultimately the validated performance of the flight model as it leaves Earth, and it will serve as the foundation for Mars operations and future processing of the data
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Submitted on : Monday, May 17, 2021 - 5:11:52 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, September 21, 2021 - 5:01:23 PM
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Sylvestre Maurice, R. Wiens, P. Bernardi, P. Caïs, S. Robinson, et al.. The SuperCam Instrument Suite on the Mars 2020 Rover: Science Objectives and Mast-Unit Description. Space Science Reviews, Springer Verlag, 2021, 217 (3), pp.47. ⟨10.1007/s11214-021-00807-w⟩. ⟨hal-03200966⟩

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