Investigations on the relevance of Onsager's conjecture in real incompressible turbulence

Abstract : The zeroth law of turbulence states that fully developed turbulent incompressible flows dissipatetheir kinetic energy independently of the Reynolds number. Since its discovery by Taylor in 1935, thislaw has had many experimental and numerical confirmations, and is at the heart of our understandingof turbulence. In the following years, Taylor proposed a mechanism for the zeroth law, based onviscosity and the idea of a cascade of energy through scales. In 1949, Onsager realized that energydissipation could occur without the final assistance by viscosity at small scales if the velocity fieldbecomes sufficiently irregular, and conjectured the minimum regularity condition above which energyconservation is ensured in the absence of viscosity. In 2000, two french mathematicians, Jean Duchonand Raoul Robert, were able to derive the analytical expression for the inertial dissipation in termsof velocity increments, along with the corresponding energy balance. However, the relevance of theseideas for real turbulence has never been studied.In this thesis, we present the first tests of Onsager’s idea from experimental data, based on thework of Duchon and Robert. We enter the framework of von Kármán flows for which the regularity ofNavier-Stokes equations is unknown. We use particle image velocimetry measurements which provideus with the three components of the velocity field on a meridional plane, and allows for the computationof velocity increments at the resolution scale of our measurement set-up. In this work, we point out thenon-trivial character of turbulent flows at the Kolmogorov scale, where we observe irregular
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Denis Kuzzay. Investigations on the relevance of Onsager's conjecture in real incompressible turbulence. Fluid Dynamics [physics.flu-dyn]. Université Paris-Saclay, 2016. English. ⟨NNT : 2016SACLS405⟩. ⟨tel-01544843⟩

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