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In situ and operando 3D imaging of Pt and Pd electrocatalytic nanocrystals

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Abstract

Structural properties of transition metal are critical to understand the catalytic behavior of electrochemical processes. Here we show that 200 nm Pt and 500 nm Pd nanocrystals can be probed in situ and operando through Bragg Coherent X-ray Diffraction Imaging. This lens-less technique enables determining the morphology as well as mapping the strain and displacement fields of such nanoparticles. By measuring the Pt 002 Bragg reflection we show evidence of heterogeneous and potential-dependent strain distribution between highly-coordinated ({100} and {111} facets) and under-coordinated atoms (edges and corners) as well as evidence of strain propagation from the surface to the bulk of the nanoparticle. This allows to unveil adsorption sites. We also demonstrate that the formation of highly strained palladium hydride nanocrystals can be tracked under potential control. Even though the beta phase (hydrogen rich) Bragg peak comes and vanishes at relevant potentials, the nanocrystal does not recover its pristine morphology.
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Dates and versions

hal-03881951 , version 1 (02-12-2022)

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : hal-03881951 , version 1

Cite

Clément Atlan, Corentin Chatelier, Arnaud Viola, Maxime Dupraz, Steven J Leake, et al.. In situ and operando 3D imaging of Pt and Pd electrocatalytic nanocrystals. TMS 2023 - 152th Annual Meeting, The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society (TMS), Mar 2023, San Diego, United States. ⟨hal-03881951⟩
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